Celery Train at Sanford


Dublin Core


Celery Train at Sanford

Alternative Title

Sanford Celery Train


Sanford (Fla.)
Chase and Company (Sanford, Fla.)
Celery industry
Trains, Freight


A twelve-car train transporting Chase & Company celery in Sanford, Florida, in 1936. The origins of Sanford's connection to celery farming began on December 26, 1894, when a freeze damaged the area's citrus groves. They began to recover during a warm and wet January which promoted new shoots, but a second freeze hit on February 7, 1895, practically wiping them out. The 24 degree temperature was the coldest known in Florida to that point. The freeze was so intense that the sap froze inside the trunks, many of which split open, sounding like gunshots, and crashed to the ground. The population quickly dropped from five thousand to two thousand, as the groves were abandoned. I. H. Terwilliger stayed after the freezes and is believed to have planted the first celery grown in Sanford in 1896. J. N. Whitner and B. F. Whitner, Sr. planted 3/4 acre in 1897 with celery imported from Kalamazoo, Michigan. Chase & Company also converted to celery cultivation and by 1898, celery became the crop synonymous to Sanford. Chase & Company was established in 1884 by brothers Sydney Octavius Chase and Joshua Coffin Chase. The company sold insurance and later invested in storage facilities and fertilizer sales. Chase & Company was known mainly for its agricultural interests and maintained a series of citrus groves throughout Central Florida. The company was based out of Sanford and became one of the city's largest employers into the early twentieth century.


Original 8 x 10 inch black and white photograph, 1936: Chase Collection (MS 14), box 213, folder 15.100, item CC79, Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Date Created


Is Format Of

Digital reproduction of original 8 x 10 inch black and white photograph, 1936.

Is Part Of

Chase Collection (MS 14), box 214, folder 15.100, Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.
Celery Collection, Chase Collection, RICHES of Central Florida.

Is Referenced By

Folder referenced in Chase Collection finding guide, http://web.uflib.ufl.edu/spec/pkyonge/chase.htm.




168 KB


8 x 10 inch black and white photograph




Still Image


Sanford, Florida

Accrual Method



History Teacher
Economics Teacher
Geography Teacher


Entire Chase Collection is comprised of four separate accessions from various donors, including Cecilia Johnson, the granddaughter of Joshua Coffin Chase and the children of Randall Chase.

Rights Holder

The displayed collection item is housed at Special and Area Studies Collections at the University of Florida in Gainesville, Florida. Rights to this item belong to the said institution, and therefore inquiries about the item should be directed there. RICHES of Central Florida has obtained permission from Special and Area Studies Collections at the University of Florida to display this item for educational purposes only.

Contributing Project

Digital Collections (UFDC), University of Florida


Cepero, Laura

Digital Collection

Source Repository

External Reference

"Sydney Chase Sr. (1860-1941)." Florida Citrus Hall of Fame. Copyright 2012. http://floridacitrushalloffame.com/index.php/inductees/inductee-name/?ref_cID=89&bID=0&dd_asId=600. Mills, Jerry W


SANFORD FLA. APR 18th 1936
Westbrook Armour Ag.
Cap man H.O. McArthur train master
Hill car inspector

Still Image Item Type Metadata

Original Format

1 black and white photograph

Physical Dimensions

8 x 10 inch



“Celery Train at Sanford,” RICHES, accessed July 16, 2024, https://richesmi.cah.ucf.edu/omeka/items/show/1584.