U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Employment Secruity Farm Labor Contractor Certificate of Registration No. 4-05-5631-71-R

Dublin Core


U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Employment Secruity Farm Labor Contractor Certificate of Registration No. 4-05-5631-71-R

Alternative Title

Farm Labor Contractor Certificate


Sanford (Fla.)
Upstate New York (N.Y.)
Migrant workers
Farm laborers
Agricultural laborers--Florida


Farm labor contractor certificate for Pilgrim Black (1905-2002) issued by William N. Norwood, Jr. of the U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Employment Security on March 9, 1971. The certificate authorized Pilgrim Black for migrant labor. At the time that the certificate was issue, Pilgrim resided at 1101 East Tenth Street in Sanford, Florida. His date of birth was listed as April 2, 1907, but he was actually born in 1905. The certificate also identified Pilgrim as a 5'9" person weighing 155 pounds with black hair and brown eyes.

Pilgrim Black was born in 1905, although some records list 1907 as his birth year. Pilgrim and Lula Mae Haynes Black were migrant crew leaders, and thus migrated to Wayne County in Upstate New York in the summers and back to their home in Sanford for the rest of the year. Pilgrim was the son of Harry Black (d. 1911) and Maggie Benjamin Black (ca.1870-ca.1934), who migrated to Sanford from South Carolina in the 1800s. Harry and Maggie had several children: Leckward Black, Mustar Black, Malachi Black, Leatha Black Walker (1889-1976), Pilgrim Black, Margaret Black Jones (1889-1976), and Harriett Black Lawson. In 1911, Harry owned a grocery store at 206 South Sanford Avenue. One day, he came home from work with pneumonia and passed away shortly thereafter. Pilgrim was nine years old when his father passed away. Maggie was the daughter of former slaves, Isaac and Roseanna Benjamin, and the sister of Nathan Benjamin, Pledge Benjamin, Sam Benjamin, Loui Benjamin, Chainey Benjamin, Lara Benjamin, Melvina Benjamin, and Katie Benjamin.

Pilgrim had to quit school at age eleven in order to provide for his mother, originally working in a mill house until he was 18n years old. After declining a management position, he traveled to Wayne County to pick cherries, apples, pears, and other crops. He broke a bone after falling from an apple tree his first year and decided to try farm labor on a potato farm in Red Creek, New York, instead. Don Holdridge, the farmer who owned the land, noted Pilgrim's high rate of productivity and offered him a management position supervising up to thirty workers at once, which he accepted.

While in Sanford, Pilgrim also worked as a foreman in Sanford for Chase & Company for over 30 years. He married Lula in 1937 and they had several children together, including Vivian Louise Black (1940- ); Lula Yvonne Black (1942- ); Charles Samuel Black (1945- ); Pilgrim Black, Jr. (ca.1947- ), and Patricia Ann Black (1956- ).


U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Employment Security


Original certificate by U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Employment Security, 1971: Private Collection of Patricia Ann Black.

Date Created



Black, Patricia Ann

Is Format Of

Digital reproduction of original certificate by the U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Employment Security, 1971.




501 KB


1 certificate






Sanford, Florida

Accrual Method



History Teacher
Civics/Government Teacher
Economics Teacher
Geography Teacher


Originally created by the U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Employment Security and owned by Pilgrim Black.
Inherited by Patricia Ann Black in 2002.

Rights Holder

Copyright to the resource is held by Patricia Ann Black and is provided here by RICHES of Central Florida for educational purposes only.

Contributing Project


Cepero, Laura

Digital Collection

Source Repository

Private Collection of Patricia Ann Black

External Reference

Coles, Robert. Uprooted Children: The Early Life of Migrant Farm Workers. [Pittsburgh]: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1970.
Piore, Michael J. Birds of Passage: Migrant Labor and Industrial Societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.


(Rev. 11/67)

Bureau of Employment Security

REGISTRATION NO. 4-05-5631-71-R


I certify that the person named above is registered pursuant to the Farm Labor Cot[?] Registration Act of 1963 and is authorized to perform activities covered by the Act, s[?] to the restrictions indicated below.

The transportation of migrant workers within the meaning of the Act is authorized only during[?] the period beginning 3/9/71 and ending 12/22/71, unless [?] authorization is otherwise terminated.

APPROVED William K.[?] Norwood Jr.[?]
Regional Administrator
DATE 3/9[?]

Social Security No.
Permanent Home Address 1101 E. 10th St.
Sanford, Florida
Date of Birth 4/02/07
Weight 155
Hieght Ft. 5 In. 9
Color Hair Blk.
Color Eyes Brn.

Certificate is based on the Farm Lanor Contractor Registration Act of 1963 and regulated[?] [?] thereunder, and on my application for registraion. It may be revoked or suspended or its renewal denied, for noncompliance with the Act or regulations, including application requirements for transporting migrant workers. Such noncompliance may constitute a federal offense.

Pilgrim Black

GPO; 1968-O-290-619

Document Item Type Metadata

Original Format

1 certificate



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