Charlotte Hawkins Brown


Dublin Core


Charlotte Hawkins Brown

Alternative Title

Charlotte Hawkins Brown


Brown, Charlotte Hawkins, 1883-1961
Sedalia (N.C.)
Palmer Memorial Institute (Sedalia, N.C.)
Educators--North Carolina
Lecturers--United States
Authors--United States
Teachers--North Carolina


Portrait of Charlotte Hawkins Brown, which is housed at the Mary McLeod Bethune Foundation, located at 640 Dr. Mary McLeod Bethune Boulevard in Daytona Beach, Florida. Brown was born June 11, 1883, in Henderson, North Carolina. In 1902, she founded the Alice Freeman Palmer Memorial Institute in Sedalia, North Carolina. The school was housed in a small log cabin and combined a standard educational curriculum with industrial training. Brown was able to raise enough money to erect a new school building in 1905 and the school became nationally renowned by the 1920s.

Brown also received national attention for her activities and was frequently invited to lecture at various colleges around the country. In 1941, she published The Correct Thing To Do—To Say—To Wear, a book which featured her educational philosophies and maxims. Brown continued to run the Palmer Institute until she retired in 1952. Through her work, Brown became a good friend to Dr. Mary McLeod Bethune and was active in the National Association of Colored Women (NACW), the National Council of Negro Women (NCNW), the Southern Commission for Interracial Cooperation, and the Negro Business League. Brown was also the first African-American woman to join the national board for the Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA). She passed away on January 11, 1961.


Original black and white photograph: Mary McLeod Bethune Foundation, Daytona Beach, Florida.

Date Created

ca. 1883-1961

Is Format Of

Digital reproduction of original black and white photograph: Mary McLeod Bethune Foundation.

Is Part Of

Mary McLeod Bethune Foundation, Daytona Beach, Florida.
Mary McLeod Bethune Foundation Collection, Daytona Beach Collection, Volusia County Collection, RICHES of Central Florida.




204 KB


1 black and white photograph




Still Image

Bibliographic Citation

Still Image


Alice Freeman Palmer Memorial Institute, Gibsonville, North Carolina
Mary McLeod Bethune Foundation, Daytona Beach, Florida
Henderson, North Carolina

Accrual Method



History Teacher
Civics/Government Teacher
Geography Teacher

Rights Holder

Copyright to this resource is held by the Mary McLeod Bethune Foundation and is provided here by RICHES of Central Florida for educational purposes only.


Cepero, Laura

Digital Collection

Source Repository

External Reference

"Charlotte Hawkins Brown, Founder of Palmer Institute, Died." This Day in North Carolina History.
"Charlotte Hawkins Brown."
Brown, Charlotte Hawkins. The Correct Thing To Do—To Say—To Wear. Sedalia, N.C.: The author, 1940.
Wadelington, Charles Weldon, and Richard F. Knapp. Charlotte Hawkins Brown & Palmer Memorial Institute: What One Young African American Woman Could Do. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.
Palmer Memorial Institute (Sedalia, N.C.), Charlotte Hawkins Brown, and Alice Freeman Palmer. The Alice Freeman Palmer Memorial Institute. S.l: s.n, 1930.


Charlotte Hawkins Brown

Still Image Item Type Metadata

Original Format

1 black and white photograph


BethuneFoundationRetreat, “Charlotte Hawkins Brown,” RICHES, accessed May 26, 2024,