Annual Worker Plan Schedule for Pilgrim Black

Dublin Core

Title

Annual Worker Plan Schedule for Pilgrim Black

Alternative Title

Black Annual Worker Plan Schedule

Subject

Sanford (Fla.)
Upstate New York (N.Y.)
Migrant workers
United States Employment Service
Farm laborers
Agricultural laborers--Florida
Agricultural laborers--New York (State)
United States. Department of Labor

Description

A sheath for Annual Worker Plan Schedule issued by the Farm Placement Service of the U.S. Employment Service, an agency of the U.S. Department of Labor. This sheath was owned by Pilgrim Black (1905-2002), who was born in 1905, although some records list 1907 as his birth year.

Pilgrim and his wife, Lula Mae Haynes Black (1917-2007), were migrant crew leaders, and thus migrated to Wayne County in Upstate New York in the summers and back to their home in Sanford for the rest of the year. Pilgrim was the son of Harry Black (d. 1911) and Maggie Benjamin Black (ca.1870-ca.1934), who migrated to Sanford from South Carolina in the 1800s. Harry and Maggie had several children: Leckward Black, Mustar Black, Malachi Black, Leatha Black Walker (1889-1976), Pilgrim Black, Margaret Black Jones (1889-1976), and Harriett Black Lawson. In 1911, Harry owned a grocery store at 206 South Sanford Avenue. One day, he came home from work with pneumonia and passed away shortly thereafter. Pilgrim was nine years old when his father passed away. Maggie was the daughter of former slaves, Isaac and Roseanna Benjamin, and the sister of Nathan Benjamin, Pledge Benjamin, Sam Benjamin, Loui Benjamin, Chainey Benjamin, Lara Benjamin, Melvina Benjamin, and Katie Benjamin.

Pilgrim had to quit school at age 11 in order to provide for his mother, originally working in a mill house until he was 18 years old. After declining a management position, he traveled to Wayne County to pick cherries, apples, pears, and other crops. He broke a bone after falling from an apple tree his first year and decided to try farm labor on a potato farm in Red Creek, New York, instead. Don Holdridge, the farmer who owned the land, noted Pilgrim's high rate of productivity and offered him a management position supervising up to thirty workers at once, which he accepted.

While in Sanford, Pilgrim also worked as a foreman in Sanford for Chase & Company for over 30 years. He married Lula in 1937 and they had several children together, including Vivian Louise Black (1940-); Lula Yvonne Black (1942-); Charles Samuel Black (1945-); Pilgrim Black, Jr. (ca. 1947-), and Patricia Ann Black (1956-).

Creator

Farm Placement Service, United States Employment Service, United States Department of Labor

Source

Original red sheath: Farm Placement Service, United States Employment Service, United States Department of Labor: Private Collection of Patricia Ann Black.

Date Created

ca. 1950-1969

Contributor

Black, Patricia Ann

Is Format Of

Digital reproduction of original red sheath: Farm Placement Service, United States Employment Service, United States Department of Labor.

Is Part Of

Patricia Black Collection, RICHES of Central Florida.

Format

image/jpg

Extent

132 KB

Medium

1 red sheath

Language

eng

Type

Physical Object

Coverage

Huron, New York
Sanford, Florida

Accrual Method

Donation

Mediator

History Teacher
Civics/Government Teacher
Economics Teacher

Provenance

Originally created by the Farm Placement Service of the United States Employment Service and owned by Pilgrim Black.
Inherited by Patricia Ann Black in 2002.

Rights Holder

Copyright to the resource is held by Patricia Ann Black and is provided here by RICHES of Central Florida for educational purposes only.

Contributing Project

Curator

Cepero, Laura

Digital Collection

Source Repository

Private Collection of Patricia Ann Black

External Reference

Coles, Robert. Uprooted Children: The Early Life of Migrant Farm Workers. [Pittsburgh]: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1970.
Piore, Michael J. Birds of Passage: Migrant Labor and Industrial Societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.
Flewellyn, Valada S. African Americans of Sanford Charleston, SC: Arcadia Pub, 2009.

Transcript

ANNUAL WORKER PLAN SCHEDULE
(ES-369)

FARM PLACEMENT SERVICE
UNITED STATES EMPLOYMENT SERVICE
AND AFFILIATED STATE AGENCIES

EARN MORE MONEY IN FARM WORK
Follow your Annual Worker Plan Schedule

If for any reason you are unable to keep your schedule, advise the nearest local employment office at once.

Keep in touch with the Farm Placement people in local offices and information stations along your route and in ares where you work.

Obey State and Federal regulations covering transportation of workers and employment of child labor.

Know all about your Social Security benefits, the reports you make and the taxes you pay.

WATCH FOR THIS SIGN

Document Item Type Metadata

Original Format

1 red sheath

Locations

Categories