Robert Sengstacke Abbott


Dublin Core


Robert Sengstacke Abbott

Alternative Title

Robert Sengstacke Abbott


Abbott, Robert S. (Robert Sengstacke), 1868-1940
Newspaper publishing--Illinois--Chicago


A portrait of Robert Sengstacke Abbott, which is housed at the Mary McLeod Bethune Foundation, located at 640 Dr. Mary McLeod Bethune Boulevard in Daytona Beach, Florida. Abbott was the founder of The Chicago Defender, the first African-American weekly newspaper. Abbott was born to formerly enslaved parents on November 24, 1870, in St. Simons Island, Georgia. After attending Hampton Institute in Hampton, Virginia, from 1892 to 1896 and graduating from Kent College of Law in Chicago, Illinois, in 1898, Abbott made several attempts to establish law officers throughout the Midwest, but was unable to due to racial prejudice. He then went on to found The Chicago Defender, which was the most widely circulated black newspaper in the country and commonly referred to as "America's Black Newspaper." Daytona Beach-based educator and civil rights activist Dr. Dr. Mary Jane McLeod Bethune also wrote weekly columns for the paper between 1948 and 1955. Abbott died of Bright's Disease in Chicago on February 29, 1940, and is buried at Lincoln Cemetery in Blue Island, Illinois.


Original 8 x 10 inch black and white photographic print: Sun room, image 175, Mary McLeod Bethune Foundation, Daytona Beach, Florida.

Date Created

ca. 1898-1940

Is Format Of

Digital reproduction of original 8 x 10 inch black and white photographic print.

Is Part Of

Mary McLeod Bethune Foundation, Daytona Beach, Florida.
Mary McLeod Bethune Foundation Collection, Daytona Beach Collection, Volusia County Collection, RICHES of Central Florida.




220 KB


8 x 10 inch black and white photographic print


Still Image


Chicago, Illinois

Accrual Method



History Teacher

Rights Holder

Copyright to this resource is held by the Mary McLeod Bethune Foundation and is provided here by RICHES of Central Florida for educational purposes only.


Cepero, Laura

Digital Collection

Source Repository

External Reference

Ottley, Roi. The Lonely Warrior: The Life and Times of Robert S. Abbott. Chicago: H. Regnery Co, 1955.
Bennett, Carolyn LaDelle, and Mary McLeod Bethune. An Annotated Bibliography of Mary McLeod Bethune's Chicago Defender Columns, 1948-1955. Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen Press, 2001.

Still Image Item Type Metadata

Original Format

1 black and white photographic print

Physical Dimensions

8 x 10 inches


“Robert Sengstacke Abbott,” RICHES, accessed May 27, 2024,