Water Hyacinths Near Sanford



Dublin Core


Water Hyacinths Near Sanford

Alternative Title

St. Johns River Water Hyacinths


Water hyacinth--Florida
St. Johns River (Fla.)


Water hyacinths on the St. Johns River near Sanford, Florida in the early 1900s. By the mid-1880s, Sanford, Florida had become a major distribution center due to the city's strategic location along Lake Monroe and the St. Johns River. Even before Florida obtained statehood, steamboats frequented the St. Johns River carrying U.S. Army soldiers to Fort Mellon, located on the shores of Lake Monroe, to defend the area against Native Americans during the Seminole Wars. Steamboats were used at the fort and during the Battle of Camp Monroe to relocate Seminoles, explore the St. Johns River, and to distribute military forces. During the second half of the 1830s, steamboats were used to tow barges from the river to Lake Monroe in order to stimulate trade. The first commercial steamboat was developed as the Brock Line in the early 1850s. As trade grew, various wharves and docks were built in locations such as Mellonville Avenue, Palmetto Avenue, Oak Street, and Sanford Avenue. The Debary-Baya Merchant Line began transporting passengers in 1883, which further developed the steamboat industry. The line was purchased by the Clyde Line in 1886 and remained open until 1933. The growth of railroads was the primary cause of the decline of the steamboat industry.


Chase & Company


Original 3 x 5 inch black and white photograph by Chase & Company: Chase Collection (MS 14), box 211, folder 3.30A, item CC 101, Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Date Created

ca. 1900-1920

Is Format Of

Digital reproduction of original 3 x 5 inch black and white photograph by Chase & Company.

Is Part Of

Chase Collection (MS 14), box 211, folder 3.30A, Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.
Chase Collection, RICHES of Central Florida.

Is Referenced By

Folder referenced in Chase Collection finding guide, http://web.uflib.ufl.edu/spec/pkyonge/chase.htm.




146 KB


3 x 5 inch black and white photograph




Still Image


Sanford, Florida

Spatial Coverage

28.836065, -81.321584

Temporal Coverage


Accrual Method


Audience Education Level

SS.K.A.1.2; SS.K.G.1.4; SS.K.G.3.2; SS.1.A.1.1; SS.1.G.1.4; SS.1.G.1.6; SS.2.A.1.1; SS.3.A.1.1; SS.3.G.1.1; SS.3.G.2.4; SS.3.G.2.6; SS.3.G.4.1; SS.4.A.1.1; SS.4.G.1.1; SS.5.A.1.1; SS.5.G.1.3; SS.5.G.1.4; SS.6.G.1.6; SS.6.G.2.1; SS.6.G.2.4; SS.6.W.1.3; SS.7.G.2.3; SS.8.A.1.2; SS.8.A.1.5; SS.8.G.2.1; SS.912.A.1.1; SS.912.A.1.4; SS.912.A.3.13; SS.912.A.4.11; SS.912.G.1.2; SS.912.G.1.4; SS.912.G.2.1; SS.912.G.5.1; SS.912.W.1.3


History Teacher
Geography Teacher


Entire Chase Collection is comprised of four separate accessions from various donors, including Cecilia Johnson, the granddaughter of Joshua Coffin Chase and the children of Randall Chase.

Rights Holder

The displayed collection item is housed at Special and Area Studies Collections at the University of Florida in Gainesville, Florida. Rights to this item belong to the said institution, and therefore inquiries about the item should be directed there. RICHES of Central Florida has obtained permission from Special and Area Studies Collections at the University of Florida to display this item for educational purposes only.

Contributing Project


Marra, Katherine

Digital Collection

External Reference

Sanford Historical Society, Inc. Sanford. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing, 2003.
Henry Shelton Sanford Papers, General Sanford Memorial Library, Sanford Museum, Sanford, Florida.
Webber, Herbert John. The Water Hyacinth, and Its Relation to Navigation in Florida. Washington: Govt. print. off, 1897.
De Berard, Ella Teague. Steamboats in the Hyacinths. Daytona Beach, Fla: College Pub. Co, 1956.
"Steamboats." Museum of Seminole County History, Seminole County, Florida Government. http://www.seminolecountyfl.gov/core/fileparse.php/3338/urlt/steamboats.pdf.
Bass, Bob. When Steamboats Reigned in Florida. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2008.

Still Image Item Type Metadata

Original Format

1 black and white photograph

Physical Dimensions

3 x 5 inch



Chase & Company. “Water Hyacinths Near Sanford.” RICHES of Central Florida accessed December 1, 2023, https://richesmi.cah.ucf.edu/omeka/items/show/552.



Transcribe This Item

  1. SC00185.jpg