Passenger List, 1918

Dublin Core

Title

Passenger List, 1918

Alternative Title

List of Passengers

Subject

World War, 1914-1918
Veterans--Florida
World War, 1914-1918--African Americans

Description

A passenger list for a ship departing from Hoboken, New Jersey in 1918. The United States Army Transport Service (ATS) compiled records of all persons who passed through United States ports via ATS ships, incoming as well as outgoing. Information such as the ship name
arrival/departure date and place
service members' rank, age, regiment, and next of kin
and relations to service members for non-service member passengers was recorded.

Riley Wright (1893-1919) (spelled Reilly) (line 92) is listed as part of Company L in the 807th Pioneer Infantry leaving Hoboken, New Jersey for France. Their ship departed on September 15, 1918. Wright's serial number is 4185983 and his wife, Eva, is his emergency contact.

Riley Wright was born in 1893 (though some of his documents list his birth year as 1895) around Falmouth in Suwannee County in northern Florida, one of five children. Like his father and grandfather before him, Wright worked as a farmer, a common occupation of African American men in the rural South. He married Eva Coleman on April 15, 1917, and was drafted on August 3, 1918. He joined the 807th Pioneer Infantry unit, one of sixteen established. In France, Wright and his unit worked in a technical capacity: they constructed and repaired roads, bridges, and railways. Though the Army did not consider these infantry units as combat units, their work on the front lines brought them in direct contact with the enemy. The 807th participated in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, the last major engagement of the war. Wright survived the offensive. However, he succumbed to disease on January 7, 1919. The influenza killed a great many soldiers as well as civilians in the outbreak of 1918-1919, though the mortality rate of black soldiers such as Wright was often higher than that of white soldiers because of discriminatory white doctors.

Wright is buried in the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery at Plot H Row 10 Grave 28 in Romagne-sous-Montfaucon, France.

In 2017, the University of Central Florida was one of three universities selected to launch the National Cemetery Administration’s Veterans Legacy Program Project. The program engaged a team of scholars to make the life stories of veterans buried in the Florida National Cemetery available to the public. The project engages UCF students in research and writing and fosters collaboration between students, faculty and local Central Florida schools to produce interactive curriculum for k-12 students. The corresponding website exhibit uses RICHES Mosaic Interface to create a digital archive of related data. The public can use the project-developed augmented-reality app at more than 100 gravesites at the Florida National Cemetery, where they can access the UCF student-authored biographies of veterans.

Creator

Office of the Quartermaster General

Source

Digital reproduction of original passenger list: Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General, 1774-1985, Record Group Number 92, Roll or Box Number 578.

Publisher

Office of the Quartermaster General

Date Created

ca. 1918-09-12

Contributor

Wright, Riley

Format

image/jpg

Extent

1,198 KB

Medium

1 passenger list

Language

eng

Type

Document

Coverage

Army Transport Service, Passenger Department, Hoboken, New Jersey

Accrual Method

Donation

Mediator

History Teacher

Provenance

Originally created and published by the Office of the Quartermaster General.

Rights Holder

This resource is not subject to copyright in the United States and there are no copyright restrictions on reproduction, derivative works, distribution, performance, or display of the work. Anyone may, without restriction under U.S. copyright laws:

• reproduce the work in print or digital form
• create derivative works
• perform the work publicly
• display the work
• distribute copies or digitally transfer the work to the public by sale or other transfer of ownership, or by rental, lease, or lending.

This resource is provided here by RICHES for educational purposes only. For more information on copyright, please refer to Section 5 of Copyright Law of the United States of America and Related Laws Contained in Title 17 of the United States Code.

Curator

O'Neil, Rhiannon

External Reference

Abney, Barb. "VA Selects UCF Historians to Archive Stories of Deceased Veterans. UCF Today, March 13, 2017. Accessed August 9, 2017. https://today.ucf.edu/va-selects-ucf-historians-archive-stories-deceased-veterans/.
Byerly, Carol R. "The U.S. Military and the Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919." Public Health Reports 125, no. suppl. 3 (2010): 82-91. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2862337/.
Florida Department of Military Affairs. "Riley Wright." Online database with images, FloridaMemory. Palmouth, Florida. Box 16. Accessed August 14, 2018. https://www.floridamemory.com/items/show211766.
Hunton, Addie W. and Kathryn M. Johnson. Two Colored Women with the American Expeditionary Forces. Brooklyn, NY: Brooklyn Eagle Press, 1920.
Keene, Jennifer. World War I: The American Soldier Experience. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 2011.
National Archives and Records Administration. "1900 Federal Population Census - Part 1." National Archives. Accessed July 18, 2018. https://www.archives.gov/research/census/publications-microfilm-catalogs-census/part-01.html#in.
Office of the Quartermaster General. "<a href="https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=try&amp
db=NARAWWITroops&amp
h=3923973" target="_blank">Riley Wright." U.S. Army Transport Service Passenger Lists, 1910-1939. Online database with images, Ancestry.com. Falmouth, Florida. Record Group Number 92, Roll or Box Number 578, NAI 6234465. Accessed August 14, 2018. https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=try&amp
db=NARAWWITroops&amp
h=3923973.
Rinaldi, Richard A. The United States Army in World War I, Ground Units, 1917-1919. [Takoma Park, MD]: Tiger Lily Pub., 2005.
Selective Service System. "<a href="https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=try&amp
db=WW1draft&amp
h=10043594" target="_blank">Ralie Wright." U.S. World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. Online database with images, Ancestry.com. Suwannee, Florida. NARA microfilm publication M1509, roll 1556893. Accessed August 14, 2018. https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=try&amp
db=WW1draft&amp
h=10043594.
Selective Service System. "<a href="https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=try&amp
db=ReportLocalBoard&amp
h=494070" target="_blank">Riley Wright." U.S. Lists of Men Ordered to Report to Local Board for Military Duty, 1917-1918. Online database with images, Ancestry.com. Suwannee, Floirda. Record Group Number 163, NAI 1159403. Accessed August 14, 2018. https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=try&amp
db=ReportLocalBoard&amp
h=494070.
Suwannee, Florida County Courthouse. "<a href="https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=try&amp
db=FSMarriageFlorida&amp
h=1616385" target="_blank">Wralley Wright." Florida County Marriage Records, 1823-1982. Online database with images, Ancestry.com. Suwannee, Florida. Accessed August 14, 2018. https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=try&amp
db=FSMarriageFlorida&amp
h=1616385.
U.S. Census Bureau. "<a href="https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=try&amp
db=1900usfedcen&amp
h=8113009" target="_blank">Raley Right." 1900 United States Federal Census. Online database with images, Ancestry.com. Union, Suwannee, Florida. NARA microfilm publication T623, FHL microfilm 1240177. Accessed August 14, 2018. https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=try&amp
db=1900usfedcen&amp
h=8113009.

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