United States Army Base No. 117, LaFauche, France

Dublin Core

Title

United States Army Base No. 117, LaFauche, France

Alternative Title

US Army Base No. 117, LaFauche, France

Subject

World War, 1914-1918
Veterans--Florida

Description

United States Army Base No. 117 in LaFauche, Haute-Marne, France. The hospital was used to specifically treat psychiatric ailments, such as shell shock. Shell shock, known today as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), was a complex diagnosis relating to psychological war-related trauma. Originally, it was thought that a physical explosion from a shell caused the disorder, but as many cases of shell shock came in, it became clear that the disorder was the result of a range of traumatic emotional experiences.

A notable soldier who served at the hospital was Jane "Jennie" Margaret Gadde (1888-1963). Gadde was born on August 17, 1888, in Ludington, Michigan. The second oldest of four sisters, she was born to immigrant parents, Nels and Carrie Gadde. The family lived in Ironwood, Michigan, where Gadde’s father worked as a foreman and her mother raised her and her sisters. The family moved in 1905 to Sanborn, Wisconsin. Gadde went to school at the Ferris Institute in Big Rapids, Michigan, and earned a degree in shorthand in 1907. She then worked as a stenographer for a building contractor. After a few years, Gadde changed professions, training as a nurse at the Illinois Training School for Nurses, where she graduated in 1915. She enlisted in the United States Army Nursing Corps in October of 1918. She trained at the United States Army Camp Base Hospital at Camp Mead, Maryland, where she was assigned to a psychiatric unit. She embarked from the United States to France in November 1918, serving as a nurse for roughly eight months in a psychiatric unit. She returned to the United States in August 1919, and was honorably discharged from service shortly thereafter. She returned to Chicago after the war, working in the Cook County Public Hospital until 1942. She enlisted again as a nurse in the Nursing Corps during World War II. She worked at Gorgas Hospital in the Panama Canal Zone until 1947, returning home and again being honorably discharged. After the war, Gadde moved to St. Petersburg, Florida, and volunteered for the Delano American Legion Post #122. She was also involved with the Panama Canal Society in Florida in the 1950s. Gadde passed away in September 1963, and is buried in the Bay Pines National Cemetery.

In 2017, the University of Central Florida was one of three universities selected to launch the National Cemetery Administration’s Veterans Legacy Program Project. The program engaged a team of scholars to make the life stories of veterans buried in the Florida National Cemetery available to the public. The project engages UCF students in research and writing and fosters collaboration between students, faculty and local Central Florida schools to produce interactive curriculum for K-12 students. The corresponding website exhibit uses RICHES Mosaic Interface to create a digital archive of related data. The public can use the project-developed augmented-reality app at more than 100 gravesites at the Florida National Cemetery, where they can access the UCF student-authored biographies of veterans.

Creator

United States Army

Source

Digital reproduction of original black and white photograph.

Publisher

United States Army

Date Created

ca. 1918

Format

image/jpg

Extent

1.30 MB

Medium

1 black and white photograph

Type

Still Image

Coverage

LaFauche, France

Accrual Method

Donation

Mediator

History Teacher

Provenance

Originally created and published by the United States Army

Rights Holder

This resource is not subject to copyright in the United States and there are no copyright restrictions on reproduction, derivative works, distribution, performance, or display of the work. Anyone may, without restriction under U.S. copyright laws:

• reproduce the work in print or digital form
• create derivative works
• perform the work publicly
• display the work
• distribute copies or digitally transfer the work to the public by sale or other transfer of ownership, or by rental, lease, or lending.

This resource is provided here by RICHES for educational purposes only. For more information on copyright, please refer to Section 5 of Copyright Law of the United States of America and Related Laws Contained in Title 17 of the United States Code.

Curator

Stoddard, James

Source Repository

National Library of Medicine

External Reference

Abney, Barb. "VA Selects UCF Historians to Archive Stories of Deceased Veterans Veterans." UCF Today, March 13, 2017. Accessed August 9, 2017. https://today.ucf.edu/va-selects-ucf-historians-archive-stories-deceased-veterans/.
Tuchman, Barbara W., and Robert K. Massie. The Guns of August: The Outbreak of World War I. 2014.

Locations

Categories

Transcribe This Item

  1. Gadde.Campana.Lyons.002.jpg