Letter from Sydney Octavius Chase to Cary D. Landis, Esq. (December 6, 1921)

Dublin Core

Title

Letter from Sydney Octavius Chase to Cary D. Landis, Esq. (December 6, 1921)

Alternative Title

Chase Correspondence (December 6, 1921)

Subject

Sanford (Fla.)
Chase, Sydney Octavius, 1860-1941
Ku Klux Klan (1915- )--Florida
Chase and Company (Sanford, Fla.)

Description

An original letter of correspondence between Sydney Octavious Chase and Cary D. Landis, Esq. Topics discussed in the letter include a Ku Klux Klan demonstration in Sanford, rumors that the H. R. Stevens campaign was mobilizing African-American voters, and a satchel found in front of the Chase & Company office the evening of the demonstration.

Chase & Company was established in 1884 by brothers Sydney Octavius Chase and Joshua Coffin Chase. The company sold insurance and later invested in storage facilities and fertilizer sales. Chase & Company was known mainly for its agricultural interests and maintained a series of citrus groves throughout Central Florida. The company was based out of Sanford and became one of the city's largest employers into the early twentieth century. Randall Chase joined in the family business soon after his brother, Sydney Chase, Jr., did in 1922. Randall became the president of Chase & Company from 1948-1965.

The Ku Klux Klan was first organized by ex-Confederate soldiers in in Tennessee in 1866, but was disbanded by the first Imperial Wizard Nathan Bedford Forest in 1869 in order to avoid government sanctions. The second Klan was reformed in 1915 by William J. Simmons. Although the KKK deteriorated nationally during the Great Depression, it still flourished in Florida until a $685,000 lien was filed against the national Klan in 1944 for back taxes from the 1920s. In 1948, Dr. Samuel Green of Atlanta revived the KKK in Georgia, which spread to Florida and other states. In 1951, the Florida KKK responded violently to the activities of Harry Tyson Moore's Progressive Voters' League and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) during a period dubbed "The Florida Terror." As of the early 2000s, the Florida KKK remained to be on of the more active Klans in the country.

Creator

Chase, Sydney Octavius

Source

Original letter from Sydney Octavius Chase to Cary D. Landis, Esq.: box 173, folder 2.36, Chase Collection (MS 14), Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.
Original newspaper article: "Ku Klux Klan 120 Parades Sanford By Night." December 5, 1921: box 173, folder 2.36, Chase Collection (MS 14), Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Date Created

1921-12-06

Has Part

Original newspaper article: "Ku Klux Klan 120 Parades Sanford By Night." December 5, 1921: box 173, folder 2.36, Chase Collection (MS 14), Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Is Format Of

Digital reproduction of original letter from Sydney Octavius Chase to Cary D. Landis, Esq.
Digital reproduction of original newspaper article: "Ku Klux Klan 120 Parades Sanford By Night." December 5, 1921.

Is Part Of

Chase Collection (MS 14), Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.
Sanford Collection, Chase Collection, RICHES of Central Florida.

Is Referenced By

Folder referenced in Chase Collection finding guide, http://web.uflib.ufl.edu/spec/pkyonge/chase.htm.

References

Original newspaper article: "Ku Klux Klan 120 Parades Sanford By Night." December 5, 1921: box 173, folder 2.36, Chase Collection (MS 14), Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Format

image/jpg

Extent

149 KB

Medium

1-page typewritten letter on Chase & Company letterhead
1 newspaper article

Language

eng

Type

Text

Coverage

Chase & Company Office, Sanford, Florida

Accrual Method

Donation

Mediator

History Teacher
Civics/Government Teacher
Geography Teacher

Provenance

Entire Chase Collection is comprised of four separate accessions from various donors, including Cecilia Johnson, the granddaughter of Joshua Coffin Chase and the children of Randall Chase.

Rights Holder

The displayed collection item is housed at Special and Area Studies Collections at the University of Florida in Gainesville, Florida. Rights to this item belong to the said institution, and therefore inquiries about the item should be directed there. RICHES of Central Florida has obtained permission from Special and Area Studies Collections at the University of Florida to display this item for educational purposes only.

Contributing Project

Digital Collections (UFDC), University of Florida

Curator

Cepero, Laura

Digital Collection

Source Repository

External Reference

"Sydney Chase Sr. (1860-1941)." Florida Citrus Hall of Fame. Copyright 2012. http://floridacitrushalloffame.com/index.php/inductees/inductee-name/?ref_cID=89&bID=0&dd_asId=600.
Newton, Michael. The Invisible Empire: The Ku Klux Klan in Florida. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2001.
Sanford Historical Society (Fla.). Sanford. Charleston, SC: Arcadia, 2003.

Transcript

OFFICE CORRESPONDENCE
United States Food Administration
License Number 04516

Ku Klux Klan 120 Parades Sanford Street By Night

SANFORD, Dec. 5.-(Special.)- Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, in white robes and carrying torch-lights, paraded silently and impressively through the main business section of Sanford tonight.
Some of the marchers carried signs of warning against wrong-doers.
There were 120 klansmen in the parade, which was witnessed by several thousand persons.

Dec. 6, 1921.

Esq.,
Sanford, Fla.
[?]

Last evening Sanford was visited by a bunch of KuKlux performers from Volusia County. Some of our local men no doubt were mixed in with them. The reason I state they were from Volusia Co. was I found a package that belonged to one of the High Mucky-Mucks that dropped from an automobile in front of my office, and I found it there and carried it in the house. It contained a bunch of KuKlux secrets, and belonged to a man named barber, who came from Bunnell.

It has been rather difficult for me to figure out why they should have a demonstration on the eve of our city election. There is a good deal of talk by the Lake supporters of the Stevens party attempting to vote a large bunch of negroes. This was all a mistake, s there has been no negro registration, as far as the writer knows in the last two years; in other words, all negro registrations were made prior to the present form of government, and when simon-pure[?] Democrats were scrapping for the city job they all solicited negro votes.

Some of the banners that this bunch carried last night bore the fellowing; "We believe in White Supremacy"; "Beware; judges and jury do your duty," and similar mottoes. I thought possibly the demonstration was for Mr. DeCottes' benefit, although I may be mistaken.

The satchel that was fround in front of our office was left in the office last evening, and after the writer had retired, some time around midnight, the phone rang, and I learned the party from Bunnell wanted his grip. He had discovered that he had lost it, and having seen some of the men who were in the office at the time, he was able to trace me up. At first I had a one hundred per cent Ku Klux Klan sensation, of being watched on, but found some friends in waiting for me at the door, and ernt down to the office and restored the lost property to the owner.

I do not recall Barber's initials. Do you know any Barber in that region?

Yours truly,

SOC c

Document Item Type Metadata

Original Format

1-page typewritten letter on Chase & Company letterhead
1 newspaper article

Locations

Categories