DeBary-Baya Merchant Line Dock at Sanford Stereoscope

Dublin Core


DeBary-Baya Merchant Line Dock at Sanford Stereoscope

Alternative Title

DeBary-Baya Merchant Line Dock


Sanford (Fla.)


Sanford's Riverfront looking north during late 19th century, with a steamship pictured in the background. By the mid-1880s, Sanford had become a major distribution center due to the city's strategic location along Lake Monroe and the St. Johns River. Even before Florida obtained statehood, steamboats frequented the St. Johns River carrying U.S. Army soldiers to Fort Mellon, located on the shores of Lake Monroe, to defend the area against Native Americans during the Seminole Wars. Steamboats were used at the fort and during the Battle of Camp Monroe to relocate Seminoles, explore the St. Johns River, and to distribute military forces. During the second half of the 1830s, steamboats were used to tow barges from the river to Lake Monroe in order to stimulate trade.

The first commercial steamboat was developed as the Brock Line in the early 1850s. As trade grew, various wharves and docks were built in locations such as Mellonville Avenue, Palmetto Avenue, Oak Street, and Sanford Avenue. The Debary-Baya Merchant Line began transporting passengers in 1883, which further developed the steamboat industry. The line was purchased by the Clyde Line in 1886 and remained open until 1933. The growth of railroads was the primary cause of the decline of the steamboat industry.


Original 7 x 4.25 inch black and white photograph: Sanford Museum, Sanford, Florida.


Woodward Stereoscopic Company

Date Created

ca. 1880

Is Format Of

Digital reproduction of original 7 x 4.25 inch black and white photograph.

Is Part Of

Sanford Museum, Sanford, Florida.
Sanford Collection, Seminole County Collection, RICHES of Central Florida.




115 KB


7 x 4.25 inch black and white photograph




Still Image


Sanford, Florida

Accrual Method



History Teacher
Economics Teacher
Geography Teacher


Originally published by the Woodward Stereoscopic Company.

Rights Holder

Copyright to this resource is held by the Woodward Stereoscopic Company and is provided here by RICHES of Central Florida for educational purposes only.


Hazen, Kendra
Cepero, Laura

Digital Collection

Source Repository

External Reference

"De Berard, Ella Teague. "Steamboats in the Hyacinths". Daytona Beach, Fla: College Pub. Co, 1956.
"Steamboats." Museum of Seminole County History, Seminole County, Florida Government.
Bass, Bob. When Steamboats Reigned in Florida. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2008.
Mueller, Edward A. ""Steamboat Activity in Florida During the Second Seminole Indian War." Florida Historical Quarterly 64, no. 4 (April 1986): pp.407-431.
Robinson, Jim. "Exhibit Brings to Life 19th-century River Adventures." The Orlando Sentinel, February 7, 1993.\1993-02-07/news/9302060607_1_steamboats-sanford-lund.


Woodward Stereoscopic Co.
Rochester, N.Y,

Florida Scenery.

Still Image Item Type Metadata

Original Format

1 black and white photograph

Physical Dimensions

7 x 4.25 inches



Transcribe This Item

  1. FSM00018.jpg