Ku Klux Klan 120 Parades Sanford By Night

Dublin Core

Title

Ku Klux Klan 120 Parades Sanford By Night

Alternative Title

KKK Parades Sanford

Subject

Sanford (Fla.)
Race relations--United States

Description

A newspaper article about a Ku Klux Klan (KKK) parade in Sanford, Florida, on December 5, 1921. The KKK was first organized by ex-Confederate soldiers in in Tennessee in 1866, but was disbanded by the first Imperial Wizard Nathan Bedford Forrest (1821-1877) in 1869 in order to avoid government sanctions. The second klan was reformed by William Joseph Simmons (1880-1945) in 1915. Although the KKK deteriorated nationally during the Great Depression, it still flourished in Florida until a $685,000 lien was filed against the national klan in 1944 for back taxes from the 1920s.

In 1948, Dr. Samuel Green (1889-1949) revived the KKK in Georgia, which spread to Florida and other states. In 1951, the Florida KKK responded violently to the activities of Harry T.Moore's (1905-1951) Progressive Voters' League and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) during a period dubbed "The Florida Terror." As of the early 2000s, the Florida KKK remained to be on of the more active klans in the country.

Source

Original newspaper article: "Ku Klux Klan 120 Parades Sanford By Night." December 5, 1921: box 173, folder 2.36, Chase Collection (MS 14), Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Date Created

ca. 1921-12-05

Date Copyrighted

1921-12-05

Date Issued

1921-12-05

Has Part

Original letter from Sydney Octavius Chase to Cary D. Landis, Esq.: box 173, folder 2.36, Chase Collection (MS 14), Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Is Format Of

Digital reproduction of original newspaper article: "Ku Klux Klan 120 Parades Sanford By Night." December 5, 1921.

Is Part Of

Chase Collection (MS 14), Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.
Sanford Collection, Chase Collection, RICHES of Central Florida.

Is Referenced By

Folder referenced in Chase Collection finding guide, http://web.uflib.ufl.edu/spec/pkyonge/chase.htm.
Original letter from Sydney Octavius Chase to Cary D. Landis, Esq.: box 173, folder 2.36, Chase Collection (MS 14), Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Format

image/jpg

Extent

54.3 KB

Medium

1 newspaper article

Language

eng

Type

Text

Coverage

Sanford, Florida

Accrual Method

Donation

Mediator

History Teacher

Provenance

Entire Chase Collection is comprised of four separate accessions from various donors, including Cecilia Johnson, the granddaughter of Joshua Coffin Chase and the children of Randall Chase.

Rights Holder

The displayed collection item is housed at Special and Area Studies Collections at the University of Florida in Gainesville, Florida. Rights to this item belong to the said institution, and therefore inquiries about the item should be directed there. RICHES of Central Florida has obtained permission from Special and Area Studies Collections at the University of Florida to display this item for educational purposes only.

Contributing Project

Digital Collections (UFDC), University of Florida

Curator

Cepero, Laura

Digital Collection

External Reference

Newton, Michael. The Invisible Empire: The Ku Klux Klan in Florida. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2001.

Transcript

Ku Klux Klan 120 Parades Sanford Street By Night

SANFORD, Dec. 5.-(Special.)- Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, in white robes and carrying torch-lights, paraded silently and impressively through the main business section of Sanford tonight.
Some of the marchers carried signs of warning against wrong-doers.
There were 120 klansmen in the parade, which was witnessed by several thousand persons.

Document Item Type Metadata

Original Format

1 newspaper article

Locations

Categories