Handyside and Henderson Anchor Steamship Line Schedule


Dublin Core


Handyside and Henderson Anchor Steamship Line Schedule

Alternative Title

Anchor Steamship Line Schedule




An advertisement for the Anchor Line of the steamship company Handyside and Henderson. The Anchor Line first appeared in advertisements in 1852 for N and R Handyside and Company. Overseen by Captain Thomas Henderson, who first proposed a line between Scotland and America, the Anchor Line began steamship service from Glasgow, Scotland, to New York City, New York, in 1856. At the same time, Henderson formed a partnership with the Handyside brothers, thus creating Handyside and Henderson. Though the company started slowly, by 1866 it had expanded and was offering regular sailings to the Mediterranean, Calcutta, Bombay, and Scandinavia, as well as its transatlantic line to the United States.

At its height, the Anchor Line became a major carrier of European emigrants traveling to the United States. It is unclear what connection the Anchor Line had to Henry Shelton Sanford, though it is possible that the Anchor Line was the shipping company used to transport a group of Swedish immigrants hired by Sanford to provide manual labor on his Florida properties, particularly his two citrus groves, St. Gertrude's and Belair. This possibility is made more plausible by the fact that, as the advertisement indicated, the company had an office located in Gothenburg, Sweden, a major port city linked to sea-based shipping and travel. In May of 1871, Sanford brought 33 migrants from Sweden to work in Sanford. The Swedish workers, 26 men and 7 women, cost Sanford $75 each. According to the work contracts, Sanford was to provide housing and rations for each worker as well as a parcel of land for those satisfactorily completing their one-year contracts, Sanford hired an additional 20 Swedes later that year, in November of 1871.


Original advertisement: box 52, folder 1, subfolder 52.1.3, Henry Shelton Sanford Papers, General Henry S. Sanford Memorial Library, Sanford Museum, Sanford, Florida.


Handyside & Henderson

Date Created

ca. 1870-1871

Is Format Of

Digital reproduction of original advertisement.

Is Part Of

Henry Shelton Sanford Papers, General Henry S. Sanford Memorial Library, Sanford Museum, Sanford, Florida.
Henry Shelton Sanford Papers Collection, RICHES of Central Florida.




183 KB


1-page printed advertisement






Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom

Accrual Method



History Teacher
Economics Teacher


Originally created by Handyside & Henderson.
Donated to the Connecticut Historical Society after 1901.
Loaned to the Tennessee State Library and Archives for processing until June 1, 1960.
Acquired by the General Henry S. Sanford Memorial Library, Sanford Museum in 1960.

Rights Holder

The displayed collection item is housed at the General Henry S. Sanford Memorial Library, Sanford Museum in Sanford, Florida. Rights to this item belong to the said institution, and therefore inquiries about the item should be directed there. RICHES of Central Florida has obtained permission from the Sanford Museum to display this item for educational purposes only.


Fedorka, Drew M.

Digital Collection

Source Repository

External Reference

Bellamy, Martin and Bill Spalding. The Golden Age of the Anchor Line. Catrine, Ayrshire: Stenlake Publishing in association with Glasgow Museums, 2011.
Fry, Joseph A. Henry S. Sanford: Diplomacy and Business in Nineteenth-Century America. Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1982.


“Handyside and Henderson Anchor Steamship Line Schedule,” RICHES, accessed February 21, 2024, https://richesmi.cah.ucf.edu/omeka/items/show/4733.