J. N. Whitner's Celery Farm During Harvest Time

Dublin Core

Title

J. N. Whitner's Celery Farm During Harvest Time

Alternative Title

Mecca Hammock Farms

Subject

Photography--Florida-History
Agriculture--Florida
Celery industry
Celery
Sanford (Fla.)

Description

Mecca Hammock Farms during the harvest season in the 1890s . This celery farm was owned by J. N. Whitner and B. F. Whitner Sr. In 1897, the Whitners planted three-quarters of an acre with celery imported from Kalamazoo, Michigan.

Sanford was not always known as the "Celery City". The origins of Sanford's connection to celery farming began on December 26, 1894, when a freeze damaged the area's citrus groves. They began to recover during a warm and wet January which promoted new shoots, but a second freeze hit on February 7, 1895, practically wiping them out. The 24 degree temperature was the coldest known in Florida to that point. The freeze was so intense that the sap froze inside the trunks, many of which split open, sounding like gunshots, and crashed to the ground. The population quickly dropped from 5000 to 2000 as the groves were abandoned. I.H. Terwilliger stayed after the freezes and is believed to have planted the first celery grown in Sanford in 1896. By 1898, celery became the crop synonymous to Sanford.

Creator

Ensminger, Jefferson Clay

Source

Reproduction of glass plate negative by Jefferson Clay Ensminger: Photographic Collection, box 3, folder Ensminger, General Collection, UCF Public History Center, Sanford, Florida.

Publisher

Ensminger Brothers

Date Created

ca. 1890-1899

Has Format

Original glass plate negative by Jefferson Clay Ensminger.

Is Format Of

Digital reproduction of reproduced glass plate negative by Jefferson Clay Ensminger.

Is Part Of

Photographic Collection, box 3, folder Ensminger, General Collection, UCF Public History Center, Sanford, Florida.

General Photographic Collection, Student Museum and UCF Public History Center Collection, Sanford Collection, Seminole County Collection, RICHES of Central Florida.

Is Referenced By

"The Celery City: Second Edition." The Sanford Herald, November 25, Industrial section, Sanford yesterday/Sanford tomorrow edition.

Format

image/jpeg

Extent

2.3 MB

Medium

1 glass plate negative

Language

eng

Type

Still Image

Coverage

Sanford, Florida

Spatial Coverage

28.799105, -81.255802

Temporal Coverage

1890-01-01/1899-12-31

Accrual Method

Donation

Mediator

History Teacher
Economics Teacher
Geography Teacher

Provenance

Originally created and owned by Jefferson Clay Ensminger.

Rights Holder

Copyright to this resource is held by the Student Museum and is provided here by RICHES of Central Florida for educational purposes only.

Contributing Project

Curator

Morton, Dave

Digital Collection

External Reference

Still Image Item Type Metadata

Original Format

1 glass plate negative

Locations

Categories

Transcribe This Item

  1. EC_014.jpg