Draft List, 1918

Dublin Core

Title

Draft List, 1918

Alternative Title

World War I List of Men Drafted for Service

Subject

World War, 1914-1918
Veterans--Florida
World War, 1914-1918--African Americans

Description

A 1918 draft list for St. Augustine, Florida. Approximately 24 million men registered for the draft in 1917 and 1918. Those drafted reported to their local draft boards and then traveled to camp, where they would be trained for and inducted into the United States Army. To keep track of draftees and whether they reported for duty, each local board created forms. Form 1029 PMGO provided information such as name, order number, serial number, call number, primary industry, classification, report date, entrainment location, and the local board itself.

Joseph Williams (1895-1942) is listed with order number 147, serial number 1377, call number 642, and his primary industry as cook. The form also lists him as Classification I, meaning he was immediately eligible for service. He originally reported for induction at the St. Johns County Board in Florida, but he was transferred to Ithaca, New York for induction and Camp Dix in New Jersey for training.

Joseph Williams was born on March 4, 1895 and lived in St. Augustine, Florida for much of his life. Before World War I, he worked as a cook. He registered for the draft on May 29, 1917 and was selected for serice on June 20, 1918. He was sent to train at Camp Dix in New Jersey. From September 4, 1918 to July 3, 1919 he served overseas as part of Compan M of the 807th Pioneer Infantry. This unit was responsible for technical assistance such as repairing and constructing roads, bridges, and railways. After the war ended, Williams was discharged on July 9, 1919 and returned home to St. Augustine. There, he resumed life as a cook, and married his wife, Pauline. Williams died on December 23, 1942. He is buried in the St. Augustine National Cemetery at Section D, Grave 18.

In 2017, the University of Central Florida was one of three universities selected to launch the National Cemetery Administration’s Veterans Legacy Program Project. The program engaged a team of scholars to make the life stories of veterans buried in the Florida National Cemetery available to the public. The project engages UCF students in research and writing and fosters collaboration between students, faculty and local Central Florida schools to produce interactive curriculum for k-12 students. The corresponding website exhibit uses RICHES Mosaic Interface to create a digital archive of related data. The public can use the project-developed augmented-reality app at more than 100 gravesites at the Florida National Cemetery, where they can access the UCF student-authored biographies of veterans.

Creator

Office of the Provost Marshal General, Selective Service System

Source

Digital reproduction of original typewritten draft list, June 19, 1918: Records of the Selective Service System (World War I), 1917-1939, Record Group 163, NAI Number 1159403.

Publisher

Office of the Provost Marshal General, Selective Service System

Date Created

ca. 1918-06-19

Contributor

Williams, Joseph

Format

image/jpg

Extent

851 KB

Medium

1 typewritten draft list

Language

eng

Type

Text

Coverage

Camp Dix, New Jersey

Accrual Method

Donation

Mediator

History Teacher

Provenance

Originally created and published by the Office of the Provost Marshal General, Selective Service System.

Rights Holder

This resource is not subject to copyright in the United States and there are no copyright restrictions on reproduction, derivative works, distribution, performance, or display of the work. Anyone may, without restriction under U.S. copyright laws:

• reproduce the work in print or digital form
• create derivative works
• perform the work publicly
• display the work
• distribute copies or digitally transfer the work to the public by sale or other transfer of ownership, or by rental, lease, or lending.

This resource is provided here by RICHES for educational purposes only. For more information on copyright, please refer to Section 5 of Copyright Law of the United States of America and Related Laws Contained in Title 17 of the United States Code.

Curator

O'Neil, Rhiannon

External Reference

Abney, Barb. "VA Selects UCF Historians to Archive Stories of Deceased Veterans." UCF Today, March 13, 2017. Accessed August 9, 2017. https://today.ucf.edu/va-selects-ucf-historians-archive-stories-deceased-veterans/.
Dalessandro, Robert J. and Gerald Torrence. Willing Patriots: Men of Color in the First World War. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 2009.
Florida Department of Military Affairs. "Joseph Williams." Online database with images, FloridaMemory. St. Augustine, Florida. Army Box 16. Accessed October 2, 2018. https://www.floridamemory.com/items/show/219878.
Keene, Jennifer D. World War I: The American Soldier Experience. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 2011.
National Archives and Records Administration. "Records of the Selective Service System (World War I)." Accessed October 2, 2018. https://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/163.html#163.4.
Office of the Quartermaster General. "<a href="https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=try&amp
db=IntermentControlForms&amp
h=1409720" target="_blank">Joseph Williams." U.S. National Cemetery Interment Control Forms, 1928-1962. Online database with images, Ancestry.com. St. Augustine National Cemetery, Florida. Record Group 92, A1 2110-B. Accessed October 2, 2018. https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=try&amp
db=IntermentControlForms&amp
h=1409720.
R.L. Polk &amp
Co. "<a href="https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=try&amp
db=USDirectories&amp
h=674708580" target="_blank">Joseph Williams." U.S. City Directories, 1822-1995. Online database with images, Ancestry.com. St. Augustine, Florida, City Directory, 1924. Accessed October 2, 2018. https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=try&amp
db=USDirectories&amp
h=674708580.
Selective Service System. "<a href="https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=try&amp
db=ReportLocalBoard&amp
h=536960" target="_blank">Joseph Williams." U.S. Lists of Men Ordered to Report to Local Board for Military Duty, 1917-1918. Online database with images, Ancestry.com. St. Johns, Florida. Record Group 163, NAI Number 1159403. Accessed October 2, 2018. https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=try&amp
db=ReportLocalBoard&amp
h=536960.
Selective Service System. "<a href="https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=try&amp
db=WW1draft&amp
h=9617696" target="_blank">Joseph Williams." U.S. World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. Online database with images, Ancestry.com. St. Johns, Florida. NARA microfilm publication M1509, Roll 1556927. Accessed October 2, 2018. https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=try&amp
db=WW1draft&amp
h=917696.

Locations

Categories