U.S.S. Helvetia (SP-3096)

Dublin Core


U.S.S. Helvetia (SP-3096)

Alternative Title

USS Helvetia (SP-3096)


World War, 1914-1918


A photograph of the USS Helvetia (SP-3096), which was a three-masted schooner or sailing vessel, as seen from her accompanying submarine USS E-2 in August 1918. The Helvetia was a tender/decoy ship, providing supplies to the tailing submarine and sailing under the disguise of a merchant ship to entice German U-boats into surfacing.

A notable crewmember was Phillip Kenneth Winter (1898-1945). Born on December 24, 1898, in Baltimore, Maryland, to Phillip and Mary Rose Winter, Phillip was the seventh of eight children. Sometime after 1900, the family moved to Jacksonville, Florida, where Phillip eventually found work as a messenger for a railroad company. He enlisted in the United States Navy on April 14, 1917, in Atlanta, Georgia, and first served in Norfolk, Virginia, before serving on the USS Orion in June 1917. In July 1918, Phillip transferred to the USS Helvetia (SP-3096). After the war ended, Phillip returned to Jacksonville, where he resumed work in the railroad industry and met his future wife, Mary Jeanette "Janie" Roberts. They married on August 15, 1921. Mary gave birth to their daughter, Martha Rose, on August 5, 1922. Mary passed in 1925 due to tuberculosis. Phillip remarried on July 27, 1929, to Harriett Rhynard, but they divorced in 1934. Sometime after, Phillip moved to Clearwater, Florida. In April 1942, Phillip registered for the World War II Young Man's Draft but was not called into service. He worked as a member of the barracks in the area. He passed away on December 22, 1945, two days before his forty-seventh birthday. He is buried in the Bay Pines National Cemetery at Section 11 Row 1 Site 10.

In 2017, the University of Central Florida was one of three universities selected to launch the National Cemetery Administration’s Veterans Legacy Program Project. The program engaged a team of scholars to make the life stories of veterans buried in the Florida National Cemetery available to the public. The project engages UCF students in research and writing and fosters collaboration between students, faculty and local Central Florida schools to produce interactive curriculum for K-12 students. The corresponding website exhibit uses RICHES Mosaic Interface to create a digital archive of related data. The public can use the project-developed augmented-reality app at more than 100 gravesites at the Florida National Cemetery, where they can access the UCF student-authored biographies of veterans.


Digital reproduction of original black and white still photograph: NH78920, U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command, Washington, D.C.

Date Created

ca. 1918-08-08 to 1918-08-21




182 KB


1 black and white photograph




Still Image


Naval Station Norfolk, Virginia

Accrual Method



History Teacher


Originally created by the United States Navy and published by the Naval History and Heritage Command.

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O'Neil, Rhiannon

Source Repository

External Reference

Abney, Barb. "VA Selects UCF Historians to Archive Stories of Deceased Veterans Veterans." UCF Today, March 13, 2017. Accessed August 9, 2017. https://today.ucf.edu/va-selects-ucf-historians-archive-stories-deceased-veterans/.
Tuchman, Barbara W., and Robert K. Massie. The Guns of August: The Outbreak of World War I. 2014.



Transcribe This Item

  1. Winter.ONeil.Lyons.001.jpg