U.S. Census for Central Florida, 1870

Dublin Core

Title

U.S. Census for Central Florida, 1870

Alternative Title

Census, 1870

Subject

Census--United States
Orange County (Fla.)
Marion County (Fla.)
Brevard County (Fla.)
Volusia County (Fla.)
Population--United States

Description

The Ninth United States Census records for Brevard County (including present-day St. Lucie County), Marion County, Orange County (including present-day Seminole County and parts of present-day Lake and Osceola counties), and Volusia County (including present-day Flagler County), Florida, for 1870. The census divides the population by gender, race ("white" and "colored"), native-born vs. foreign-born, and state-born vs. territory-born. Those born outside of Florida are then divided by state or country of origin. This census also collected information on agriculture and on manufacturing.

Although the 1870 Census was conducted under the provisions of the Census Act of 1850, a new act was passed on May 6, 1870. The new census legislation required two changes in procedures related to questionnaire return submission dates. Moreover, penalties for refusing to reply to inquires were expanded to apply to all questions and questionnaires. The questionnaires themselves had to be redesigned due to the end of the "slave questionnaire," as slavery had been formally abolished slavery nationwide via the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. This left five schedules for the census: General Population, Mortality, Agriculture, Products of Industry, and Social Statistics. In addition, Charles W. Seaton, a U.S. Census Office chief clerk and later superintendent, invented a rudimentary tallying machine that partially alleviated the difficulties of tallying and tabulating questionnaire responses. Finally, the new superintendent for the Ninth Census, General Francis A. Walker (1840-1897), introduced employment examinations to test the qualifications of applicants to the Census Office, allowing for increased efficiency in the process of collecting census data.

Source

Original census data collected by the U.S. Census Office, 1870.

Date Created

ca. 1870-06-01

Contributor

Gibson, Ella

Is Format Of

Digital reproduction of original census data collected by the U.S. Census Office, 1870.

Is Part Of

U.S. Census Collection, RICHES of Central Florida.

Format

image/jpg

Extent

397 KB

Medium

1 table

Language

eng

Type

Dataset

Coverage

Brevard County, Florida
Orange County, Florida
Marion County, Florida
Volusia County, Florida

Accrual Method

Item Creation

Mediator

History Teacher
Economics Teacher
Geography Teacher

Provenance

Originally collected by the U.S. Census Office and published by the U.S. Department of the Interior.

Rights Holder

This resource is not subject to copyright in the United States and there are no copyright restrictions on reproduction, derivative works, distribution, performance, or display of the work. Anyone may, without restriction under U.S. copyright laws:
  • reproduce the work in print or digital form
  • create derivative works
  • perform the work publicly
  • display the work
  • distribute copies or digitally transfer the work to the public by sale or other transfer of ownership, or by rental, lease, or lending.
This resources is provided here by RICHES of Central Florida for educational purposes only. For more information on copyright, please refer to Section 5 of Copyright Law of the United States of America and Related Laws Contained in Title 17 of the United States Code.

Curator

Cepero, Laura

Digital Collection

Source Repository

External Reference

"1870 Overview." U.S. Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/history/www/through_the_decades/overview/1870.html.
United States. Historical Statistics of the United States: Colonial Times to 1970. Washington: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 1975. https://www.census.gov/history/pdf/histstats-colonial-1970.pdf.
United States, and Carroll D. Wright. The History and Growth of the United States Census. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1900. https://www.census.gov/history/pdf/wright-hunt.pdf.

Transcript

U.S. Census of 1870
Population
Brevard County* Marion County Orange County** Volusia County***
Population Total 1,216 10,804 2,195 1,723
Males 703 5,507 984 560
Females 513 5,297 1,211 831
Colored Population Total 19 7,878 198 328
Native-Born Population Total 1,216 10,773 2,174 1,695
Foreign-Born Population Total 0 31 21 28
Population Born by State, Territory or Country of Origin Total 437 5,825 1,127 691
Virginia or West Virginia 14 186 16 14
South Carolina 199 2,828 151 288
Alabama 96 276 52 9
Georgia 452 957 663 558
North Carolina 12 453 94 42
Scotland 0 0 0 1
Italy 0 0 0 3
Ireland 0 7 7 4
Great Britain 0 0 0 0
Germany 0 11 1 1
France 0 0 0 0
West Indies 0 0 1 1
British America 0 0 1 2
Cuba 0 0 0 0
England and Wales 0 3 9 15
Sweden and Norway 0 0 1 0
Africa 0 6 0 0

Agriculture
Brevard County* Marion County Orange County** Volusia County***
Farms Total 191 736 220 233
Farms by Acreage Less than 3 0 0 0 0
3-9 0 0 24 75
10-19 90 5 89 77
20-49 70 154 91 71
50-99 23 126 12 7
100-499 8 377 4 3
500-999 0 60 0 0
1000+ 0 14 0 0
Present Cash Value of Farms Farms $21,000 $828,795 $174,900 $146,120
Farming Implements and Machinery $3,895 $87,968 $2,618 $3,450
Agriculture Wages Paid Total $0 $80,897 $4,480 $2,940
Value of Livestock Livestock $386,950 $275,905 $124,845 $87,119
Animals Slaughtered or Sold for Slaughter $48,120 $0 $0 $786
Value of Home Manufactures Total $0 $0 $0 $210

Manufacturing
Brevard County* Marion County Orange County** Volusia County***
Manufacturing Establishments Total N/A 7 6 2
Value of Manufacturing Products Total N/A $8,560 $10,240 $1,570
Value of Materials Used in Manufacturing Total N/A $4,650 $8,200 $1,150
Capital Invested in Manufacturing Total N/A $3,950 $8,000 $1,300
Hands Employed in Manufacturing Total N/A 19 12 2
Males, Aged 16+ N/A 13 12 2
Females, Aged 16+ N/A 2 0 0
Youths N/A 4 0 0
"*Includes present-day St, Lucie County
**Includes present-day Seminole County and parts of present-day Lake and Osceola counties
***Includes present-day Flagler County"


Document Item Type Metadata

Original Format

1 table

Locations

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