U.S. Census for Central Florida, 1860

Dublin Core

Title

U.S. Census for Central Florida, 1860

Alternative Title

Census, 1860

Subject

Census--United States
Orange County (Fla.)
Marion County (Fla.)
Brevard County (Fla.)
Volusia County (Fla.)
Population--United States

Description

The Eighth United States Census records for Brevard County (including present-day St. Lucie County), Marion County, Orange County (including present-day Seminole County and parts of present-day Lake and Osceola counties), and Volusia County (including present-day Flagler County), Florida, for 1860. The census divides the population by race ("white" and "colored"), gender, and native-born vs. foreign-born. The census also documented the number of slaves and slaveholders. The census collected information on agriculture and on manufacturing.

The Census Act of 1850 authorized the U.S. Census of 1860 and stipulated that its provisions be adhered to for all future decennial censuses should no new legislation be passed by the first of the year of said census. In May of 1865, the U.S. Census Office was abolished and many superintending clerks were transferred to the General Land Office.

Source

Original census data collected by the U.S. Census Office and the General Land Office, 1860.

Date Created

ca. 1860-06-01

Contributor

Gibson, Ella

Is Format Of

Digital reproduction of original census data collected by the U.S. Census Office and the General Land Office, 1860.

Is Part Of

U.S. Census Collection, RICHES of Central Florida.

Format

image/jpg

Extent

449 KB

Medium

1 table

Language

eng

Type

Dataset

Coverage

Brevard County, Florida
Orange County, Florida
Marion County, Florida
Volusia County, Florida

Accrual Method

Item Creation

Mediator

History Teacher
Economics Teacher
Geography Teacher

Provenance

Originally collected by the U.S. Census Office and the General Land Office, and published by the U.S. Department of the Interior.

Rights Holder

This resource is not subject to copyright in the United States and there are no copyright restrictions on reproduction, derivative works, distribution, performance, or display of the work. Anyone may, without restriction under U.S. copyright laws:
  • reproduce the work in print or digital form
  • create derivative works
  • perform the work publicly
  • display the work
  • distribute copies or digitally transfer the work to the public by sale or other transfer of ownership, or by rental, lease, or lending.
This resource is provided here by RICHES of Central Florida for educational purposes only. For more information on copyright, please refer to Section 5 of Copyright Law of the United States of America and Related Laws Contained in Title 17 of the United States Code.

Curator

Cepero, Laura

Digital Collection

Source Repository

External Reference

"1860 Overview." U.S. Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/history/www/through_the_decades/overview/1860.html.
United States. Historical Statistics of the United States: Colonial Times to 1970. Washington: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 1975. https://www.census.gov/history/pdf/histstats-colonial-1970.pdf.
United States, and Carroll D. Wright. The History and Growth of the United States Census. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1900. https://www.census.gov/history/pdf/wright-hunt.pdf.

Transcript

U.S. Census of 1860
Population
Brevard County* Marion County Orange County** Volusia County***
Population Total 246 8,609 987 1,158
White Population Total 224 3,294 823 861
Males 136 1,796 452 467
Females 88 1,498 371 394
Native-Born White Population Total 217 3,260 819 855
Males 129 1,768 449 462
Females 88 1,492 370 393
Free Colored Population Total 1 1 1 0
Males 1 1 1 0
Females 0 0 0 0
Free Foreign-Born Population Total 7 34 4 6
Foreign-Born White Population Total 7 34 4 6
Males 7 28 3 5
Females 0 6 1 1
Free Native-Born Persons Total 218 3,261 820 855
Slave Population Total 21 5,314 163 297
Males 8 2,689 88 158
Females 13 2,625 75 139

Slave Holders Total 4 345 31 38

Agriculture
Brevard County* Marion County Orange County** Volusia County***
Farms Total 31 408 87 62
Acres of Land of Farms Improved Land 340 54,546 2,768 3,008
Unimproved Land 11,887 129,376 9,435 11,642
Cash Value of Farms Farms $23,340 $1,887,115 $90,555 $99,810
Farming Implements and Machinery $440 $83,790 $48,681 $9,672
Livestock $155,780 $447,268 $58,295 $113,984
Orchard Products $0 $0 $65 $44,150
Homemade Manufactures $0 $500 $372 $60
Market Garden Products $0 $10 $0 $0
Animals Slaughtered $1,900 $73,107 $9,081 6,550
Farms by Acreage 3-9 20 8 17 1
10-19 7 37 23 14
20-49 3 111 32 37
50-99 1 78 9 6
100-499 0 154 6 3
500-999 0 15 0 0
1000+ 0 5 0 1

Manufacturing
Brevard County* Marion County Orange County** Volusia County***
Manufacturing Establishments Total N/A 8 N/A N/A
Population Employed in Manufacturing Males N/A 65 N/A N/A
Female s N/A 0 N/A N/A
Capital Invested in Manufacturing Total N/A $35,500 N/A N/A
Annual Costs in Manufacturing Labor N/A $23,220 N/A N/A
Products N/A $49,400 N/A N/A
"*Includes present-day St, Lucie County
**Includes present-day Seminole County and parts of present-day Lake and Osceola counties
***Includes present-day Flagler County"


Document Item Type Metadata

Original Format

1 table

Locations

Categories