Map of Zellwood Drainage and Water Control District Unit No. 1 and Unit No. 2

Dublin Core

Title

Map of Zellwood Drainage and Water Control District Unit No. 1 and Unit No. 2

Alternative Title

Zellwood Drainage and Water Control District Map

Subject

Agriculture--Florida
Water quality--Florida
Lake Apopka (Fla.)

Description

A map that identifies pump stations, canals, and allotments within Unit No. 1 and Unit No. 2 of the Zellwood Drainage and Water Control District (ZDWCD), which was created by the Florida Legislature in 1941 for taxation and land management of farming areas on the north shore of Lake Apopka. The district was granted powers of self-taxation and permitted to construct canals, bridges, and dikes in the area. The north shore farms were constructed on "muck land" created by the drainage of wetlands bordering Lake Apopka. The soil in these areas, often called "muck soil," is highly fertile and vulnerable to oxidation. The ZDWCD was permitted to routinely flood farmlands, when not in use, in order to keep the soil wet and preventing its loss to oxidation. These lands would then be drained before each growing season and this water was discharged back into Lake Apopka. Practices like these were considered to contribute to the pollution of Lake Apopka, with the discharge of fertilizer-rich water creating conditions of “eutrophication” in the lake and promoting the growth of harmful algae.

The Friends of Lake Apopka (FOLA), a citizen advocacy group organized for the environmental restoration of Lake Apopka in the early 1990s, lobbied for increased restrictions on the district’s ability to utilize water from Lake Apopka. These efforts culminated in a buyout of the Zellwood Drainage and Water Control District farmlands by the State of Florida in 1998, and farming operations ceased in June of that year. The ZDWCD was dissolved by the Florida Legislature in September of 2000.

Source

Photocopy of original map, 1979: binder 1979, Friends of Lake Apopka Archives, Ginn Museum, Oakland Nature Preserve, Oakland, Florida.

Date Created

ca. 1979

Is Format Of

Digital reproduction of photocopied map, 1979.

Is Part Of

Binder 1979, Friends of Lake Apopka Archives, Ginn Museum, Oakland Nature Preserve, Oakland, Florida.
Friends of Lake Apopka Collection, RICHES of Central Florida.

Format

image/jpg

Extent

185 KB

Medium

1-page map

Language

eng

Type

Text

Coverage

Lake Apopka, Florida

Accrual Method

Donation

Mediator

History Teacher
Geography Teacher

Rights Holder

Copyright to this resource is held by the Friends of Lake Apopka and is provided here by RICHES of Central Florida for educational purposes only.

Contributing Project

Curator

King, Joshua

Digital Collection

Source Repository

External Reference

Jackson, Jerry. "Reaping Bucks From Muck Central Florida's $70 Million Vegetable Industry Thrives In Rich Soil." The Orlando Sentinel, August 12, 1985. Accessed August 1, 2015. http://articles.orlandosentinel.com/1985-08-12/business/0320160151_1_vegetable-industry-muck-lake-apopka.
"Special District Accountability Program." Florida Department of Economic Opportunity. Accessed August 1, 2016. https://dca.deo.myflorida.com/fhcd/sdip/OfficialListdeo/dissolved.cfm.

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