401-403 South Sanford Avenue


Dublin Core


401-403 South Sanford Avenue

Alternative Title

401-403 S. Sanford Ave.


Sanford (Fla.)
African Americans--Florida
Georgetown (Sanford, Fla.)


The lot located at 401-403 South Sanford Avenue in Georgetown, an historic African-American neighborhood in Sanford, Florida. The earliest known occupant of Suite 401 was Sanford Ice and Cold Storage in 1887. The first known residents were W. M. Burnett, an African American, in 1911 and Mrs. L. W. Caldwell in 1917. African-American confectioner H. L. Duhart ran his business from this location in 1924. Duhart had previously resided at 403 S. Sanford Ave. from approximately 1911 to 1924 and also had another residence at 318 S. Sanford Ave. in 1917. In that same year, Emma Rankin's restaurant was listed at Suite 401. The House of Bread Bakery was also located here sometime in the 1920s, though it is not clear if this was before or after Rankin had opened her restaurant. H & A Department Store, opened by Herman Jacobson (d. 1989) and Arthur Jacobson, was located here from approximately 1947 to 1965. By 1952, the store had expanded to include Suites 403-405. Herman's wife, Rose E. Zauderer Jacobson (1913-2009), also became a co-owner after the two married in 1934. Rose Jacobson moved to Geneva in 1925 and taught at Sanford Grammar School as a young adult. The couple also opened Ro-Jay's, a women's clothing store at 224 East First Street. Suite 401 was listed as vacant in 1975.

The first known resident of Suite 403 was Duhart from approximately 1911 to 1924. Another black businessman, C. M. Walker, was also listed as resident at 403 1/2 S. Sanford Ave. in 1924. By 1926, Duhart had opened a real estate business at this address and Walker had opened his restaurant at 403 1/2. As stated above, H & A Department Store had expanded to Suites 403-405 by 1965.

The first known occupant of Suite 405 was African-American resident Jack Knight in 1917, who also had a residence at 222 S. Sanford Ave. that same year. By 1924, this location was occupied by Leamon Gaynor, an African-American barber. Gaynor moved to 414 South Sanford Avenue in around 1926. As stated above, H & A Department Store had expanded to Suites 403-405 by 1965. At the time that this photograph was taken in January 2012, this building was vacant. On March 7, 2012, Jason Turner's application for a Faade Improvement Grant for the building was approved by the Sanford Community Redevelopment Agency for $20,000. 


Rock, Adam


Original color digital images by Adam Rock, January 23, 2012.

Date Created


Is Part Of

Sanford Avenue Collection, Georgetown Collection, Sanford Collection, Seminole County Collection, RICHES of Central Florida.




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5 color digital image




Still Image


Georgetown, Sanford, Florida

Accrual Method

Item Creation


History Teacher
Economics Teacher
Geography Teacher


Originally created by Adam Rock and published by RICHES of Central Florida.

Contributing Project


Cepero, Laura
Rock, Adam

Digital Collection

Source Repository

External Reference

Flewellyn, Valada S. African Americans of Sanford. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Pub, 2009.
"Pathways to History - Historic Georgetown." City of Sanford. http://www.sanfordfl.gov/index.aspx?page=483.
Sanford, Florida City Directory, 1911. Sanford, Florida: R.L. Polk & Company, 1911.
Sanford, Florida City Directory, 1917-1918. Jacksonville, FL: R.L. Polk & Co., 1917.
Sanford, Florida City Directory, 1924. Sanford, Florida: R.L. Polk & Company, 1924.
Sanford, Florida City Directory, 1926. Sanford, Florida: R.L. Polk & Company, 1926.
Sanford, Florida City Directory, 1947. Sanford, Florida: R.L. Polk & Company, 1947.
Sanford, Florida City Directory, 1952. Sanford, Florida: R.L. Polk & Company, 1952.
Sanford, Florida City Directory, 1965. Sanford, Florida: R.L. Polk & Company, 1965.
Sanford, Florida City Directory, 1975. Sanford, Florida: R.L. Polk & Company, 1975.
"Exact Plumbing, Inc.." Exact Plumbing, Inc. http://www.exactplumbinginc.com/.
"Rose E. Jacobson remembered as business owner, community leader." The Sanford Herald, July 3, 2009. http://mysanfordherald.com/view/mobile_full_story/2883557/article-Rose-E--Jacobson-remembered-as-business-owner--community-leader?mobile_view=false.
Florida, and Florida Heritage Foundation. Florida Jewish Heritage Trail. [Tallahassee, Fla.]: Fla. Dept. of State, 2000.
Sanborn Map: Sanford, Florida. Sanford, Florida: Sanborn Map Company, 1887. Orange County Regional History Center, Orlando, Florida.
Sanford Community Redevelopment Agency. Sanford Community Redevelopment Agency, March 7, 2012. Sanford, FL: City of Sanford, 2012.

Still Image Item Type Metadata

Original Format

5 color digital image


Rock, Adam, “401-403 South Sanford Avenue,” RICHES, accessed May 26, 2024, https://richesmi.cah.ucf.edu/omeka/items/show/3689.