View of Pier and Waterfront from the St. John's River

Dublin Core

Title

View of Pier and Waterfront from the St. John's River

Alternative Title

Pier in Sanford

Subject

Waterfront Districts
Lakes & ponds
Lake Monroe (Seminole County and Volusia County, Fla.)
Piers
Saint Johns River (Fla.)--History
Rivers--Florida
Sanford (Fla.)

Description

The pier and riverfront in Sanford along the St. John's River. The present-day Sanford area was originally inhabited by the Mayaca/Joroco natives by the time Europeans arrived. The tribe was decimated by war and disease by 1760 and was replaced by the Seminole Indians. In 1821, the United States acquired Florida from Spain and Americans began to settled in the state. Camp Monroe was established in the mid-1830s to defend the area against Seminoles during the Seminole Wars. In 1836, the United States Army built a road (present-day Mellonville Avenue) to a location called Camp Monroe during the Second Seminole War. Following an attack on February 8, 1837, the camp was renamed Fort Mellon in honor of the battle's only American casualty, Captain Charles Mellon. The town of Mellonville was founded nearby in 1842 by Daniel Stewart. When Florida became a state three years later, Mellonville became the county seat or Orange County, which was originally a portion of Mosquito County. Citrus was the first cash crop in the area and the first fruit packing plant was constructed in 1869. In 1870, a lawyer from Connecticut by the name of Henry Sanford purchased 12,548 acres of open land west of Mellonville. His vision was to make this new land a major port city, both railway and by water. Sitting on Lake Monroe, and the head of the St. Johns River, the city of Sanford earned the nickname of “The Gate City of South Florida.” Sanford became not only a transportation hub, but a leading citrus industry in Florida, and eventually globally. The Great Fire of 1887 devastated the city, which also suffered from a statewide epidemic of yellow fever the following year. The citrus industry flourished until the Great Freezes of 1894 and 1895, causing planters to begin growing celery in 1896 as an alternative. Celery replaced citrus as the city's cash crop and Sanford was nicknamed "Celery City." In 1913, Sanford became the county seat of Seminole County, once part of Orange County. Agriculture dominated the region until Walt Disney World opened in October of 1971, effectively shifting the Central Florida economy towards tourism and residential development.

Source

Original 7 x 9 inch black and white photoprint, 1892: Reference Collection, call number RC10449, Florida Photographic Collection, State Library and Archives of Florida, Tallahassee, Florida.

Date Created

1892

Is Format Of

Digital reproduction of original 7 x 9 inch black and white photoprint on Florida Memory Project: Reference Collection, call number RC10449, Florida Photographic Collection, State Library and Archives of Florida. http://floridamemory.com/items/show/33092.

Is Part Of

Reference Collection, Florida Photographic Collection, State Library and Archives of Florida, Tallahassee, Florida.
Sanford Riverfront Collection, Sanford Collection, Seminole County Collection, RICHES of Central Florida.

Format

image/jpeg

Extent

56 KB

Medium

7 x 9 inch black and white photoprint

Language

eng

Type

Still Image

Coverage

Sanford, Florida

Spatial Coverage

28.814197, -81.266041

Temporal Coverage

1892-01-01/1892-12-31

Accrual Method

Deposit

Audience Education Level

SS.K.A.1.2; SS.1.A.1.1; SS.2.A.1.1; SS.3.A.1.1; SS.3.A.1.2; SS.4.A.1.1; SS.5.A.1.1; SS.6.W.1.3; SS.8.A.1.2; SS.8.A.1.5; SS.912.A.1.2; SS.912.A.1.4 SS.912.W.1.3

Mediator

History Teacher

Rights Holder

Copyright to this resource is held by the State Library and Archives of Florida and is provided here by RICHES of Central Florida for educational purposes only.

Contributing Project

Bu

Curator

Cepero, Laura

Digital Collection

External Reference

The Seminole Herald. Sanford: Our First 125 Years. [Sanford, FL]: The Herald, 2002.
"Sanford: a Brief History." City of Sanford. http://www.sanfordfl.gov/index.aspx?page=48.

Still Image Item Type Metadata

Original Format

1 black and white photoprint

Physical Dimensions

7 x 9 inch

Locations

Categories

Transcribe This Item

  1. SC00021.jpg