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  • Tags: John F. Kennedy Space Center

OGC00002.pdf
An oral history interview of Richard Lamberty, a member of the Orlando Gay Chorus, same-sex ballroom dancer, and software developer. This interview was conducted by Geoffrey Cravero at the Center for Humanities and Digital Research at the University…

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Chart showing the Launch Complex 39 Water Control System at John F. Kennedy Space Center in Merritt Island, Florida. This system is used to cool the pad and suppress noise during launch.

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A history of Apollo 8, the first manned spacecraft to leave Earth's orbit and the first to orbit another celestial body, the Moon. Apollo 8 launched from Launch Complex 39A at John F. Kennedy Space Center in Merritt Island, Florida, on December 21,…

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Apollo 8's Saturn V launch vehicle lifting off from Launch Complex 39A at John F. Kennedy Space Center in Merritt Island, Florida, on December 21, 1968. Apollo 8 was the first manned spacecraft to leave Earth's orbit and the first to orbit another…

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A pre-launch publicity photograph of the crew of Apollo 17 on September 30, 1971. This mission was the 11th manned Apollo mission, the sixth to put astronauts on the Moon, and the final mission of Project Apollo. Apollo 17 launched from Launch…

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A Saturn V rocket rolled out to the Launch Complex 39A at John F. Kennedy Space Center in Merritt Island, Florida. This particular rocket is suspected to be the full-scale mockup (SA-500F) used in 1966 to test vehicle assembly, fueling, and the…

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The American crew of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) was composed of, from left to right, Astronaut Deke Slayton (1924-1993), first-time Astronaut Vance DeVoe Brand as Command Module Pilot, and veteran Astronaut Thomas "Tom" Patten Stafford as…

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An artist's rendering of the docking of spacecraft in the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP). The project was an experiment in cooperation and mating of different technologies from both the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics…

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The Water Deluge System at Launch Complex 39's Launchpad A and Launchpad B, located at John F. Kennedy Space Center in Merritt Island, Florida. The Water Deluge System was used for two reasons: noise suppression and flame suppression. The system…

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Apollo 11 was the first space mission where humans set foot on another celestial body, the Moon. Launched from Launch Pad 39A at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida, on July 16, 1969, the Apollo 11 fired the third stage…

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The Space Shuttle Discovery launched on mission STS-103 from Pad 39B at John F. Kennedy Space Center, to service the Hubble Space Telescope. The nighttime is a spectacular backdrop to the beginning of the mission. The Space Shuttle was meant as a…

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The Space Shuttle Discovery launching for STS-95 mission from Launch Pad 39B at John F. Kennedy Space Center, in Merritt Island, Florida, with research payloads. The Space Shuttle was meant as a reusable alternative to the traditional ballistic…

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The Space Shuttle Columbia launching from Launch Complex 39A at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. The Space Shuttle was meant as a reusable alternative to the traditional ballistic rockets used to launch manned spacecraft…

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The Space Shuttle Discovery landing at the Shuttle Landing Facility at John F. Kennedy Space Center in Merritt Island, Florida, on mission STS-56. The Space Shuttle was meant as a reusable alternative to the traditional ballistic rockets used to…

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For the STS-26 mission, the Space Shuttle Discovery launched from Launch Pad 39B at John F. Kennedy Space Center in Merritt Island, Florida, with the main objective to deploy the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS-C). The Space Shuttle was meant…

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The launch of Space Shuttle Columbia from Launch Pad 39A at John F. Kennedy Space Center on mission STS-9 on November 28, 1983. Also known as STS-41A and Spacelab 1, STS-9 was the first flight carrying the European Space Agency's (ESA) Spacelab. The…

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The Space Shuttle Discovery landing at the Shuttle Landing Facility at John F. Kennedy Space Center in Merritt Island, Florida, on mission STS-56. The Space Shuttle was meant as a reusable alternative to the traditional ballistic rockets used to…

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For the STS-26 mission, the Space Shuttle Discovery launched from Launch Pad 39B at John F. Kennedy Space Center in Merritt Island, Florida, with the main objective to deploy the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS-C). The Space Shuttle was meant…

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The launch of Space Shuttle Columbia from Launch Pad 39A at John F. Kennedy Space Center on mission STS-9 on November 28, 1983. Also known as STS-41A and Spacelab 1, STS-9 was the first flight carrying the European Space Agency's (ESA) Spacelab. The…

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On the evening prior to its maiden flight (STS-41D) on August 30, 1984, Space Shuttle Discovery on Launch Pad 39A at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. The Space Shuttle was meant as a reusable alternative to the…

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The Shuttle Enterprise being taken via crawler-transporter to John F. Kennedy Space Center's Launch Pad 39A for a facilities verification test. Enterprise was not used for space flight, but rather for a series of landing tests after being flown to…

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The Space Shuttle Columbia, the first operational Space Shuttle, landing at the Shuttle Landing Facility of John F. Kennedy Space Center in Merritt Island, Florida, atop a Boeing 747 transport airplane. The Space Shuttle was meant as a reusable…

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The Space Shuttle was meant as a reusable alternative to the traditional ballistic rockets used to launch manned spacecraft in the 1960s and 1970s. From 1981 to 2011, when the fleet was retired, five shuttles were flown over 130 times. It was the…

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Backup Apollo 13 Mission Commander John Young (1930-) practices scooping soil samples at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. Apollo 13 was crewed by Mission Commander Jim Lovell (1928-) , Lunar Module Pilot Fred Haise…

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What was supposed to be the crew of Apollo 13 consisting of Command Module Pilot Ken Mattingly (1936-), Lunar Module Pilot Fred Haise (1933-), and Mission Commander Jim Lovell (1928-) in front of the Saturn V after it was moved to Launch Pad 39A at…

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National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) personnel in the firing room of the Launch Control Center (LCC) at John F. Kennedy Space Center In Merritt Island, Florida, preparing to test launch procedures for the Apollo 13 mission, which was…

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The Apollo 11 crew, led by Mission Commander Neil Armstrong's (1930-2012), Command Module Pilot Michael Collins (1930-), and Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin (1930-), exiting the Manned Spacecraft Operations Building (MSOB) to board the transfer van to…

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The unmanned Apollo 4 (AS-501) was the first launch of the Saturn V booster and the first flight from Launch Pad 39A at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. Apollo 4 was a test flight of the Saturn V, which was used in…

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Engineers checking the deployment of the Lunar Rover for Apollo 16 (AS-511) at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. Apollo 16 was the tenth manned mission of Project Apollo, the fifth mission to land men on the Moon, and the…

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The crew of Apollo 11 at the last press conference before their flight. Photographed from left to right are Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin (1930-), Mission Commander Neil Armstrong (1930-2012), and Command Module Pilot Michael Collins (1930-). Apollo…

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Crowds gather along Florida State Road A1A (SR A1A), also known as Florida State Road 528 (SR 528) or Martin Andersen Beachline Expressway (formerly known as the Martin Andersen Bee Line Expressway or the Bee Line), to observe the launch of Apollo…

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Larry Summers filming the Launch Control Center (LCC) at John F. Kennedy Space Center in Merritt Island, Florida. The LCC is used for the supervision of manned mission launches from Launch Complex 39 (LC-39). The first launch to use the LCC was the…

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An Apollo Command/Service Module (CSM) and Lunar Module (LM) assembly being hoisted for stacking on top of the Saturn V rocket in the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. The CSM, along…

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Prior to the Apollo 11 mission, Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin (1930-) examining lunar surface photographs taken by an unmanned probe. Apollo 11 was the first space mission where humans set foot on another celestial body, the Moon. Launched from…

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Mission Commander Neil Armstrong (1930-2012) eating breakfast at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida, before the Apollo 11 launch. Apollo 11 was the first space mission where humans set foot on another celestial body, the…

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Command Module Pilot Michael Collins (1930-) in his spacesuit in preparation for the Apollo 11 flight at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. Apollo 11 was the first space mission where humans set foot on another celestial…

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Mission Commander Neil Armstrong (1930-2012) in his spacesuit in preparation for the Apollo 11 flight at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. Apollo 11 was the first space mission where humans set foot on another celestial…

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Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin (1930-) in his spacesuit in preparation for the Apollo 11 flight at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. Apollo 11 was the first space mission where humans set foot on another celestial body,…

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Command Module Pilot Michael Collins (1930-) training on the Command Module (CM) Procedures Simulator at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida, for Apollo 11. Apollo 11 was the first space mission where humans set foot on…

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Apollo 13 Mission Commander Jim Lovell (1928-) during spacesuit testing at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. Apollo 13 was crewed by Lovell, Lunar Module Pilot Fred Haise (1933-), and Command Module Pilot Jack Swigert…

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The Apollo 11 crew breakfast with Deke Slayton (1924-1993) (1924-1993), a Mercury Seven astronaut himself, and William Anders (1933-). Shown in the photograph, left front to right front, are Command Module Pilot Michael Collins (1930-), Mission…

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The Apollo 11 crew, Mission Commander Neil Armstrong's (1930-2012) and either Command Module Pilot Michael Collins (1930-) or Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin (1930-), boarding the Apollo 11 spacecraft from the Launch Umbilical Tower (LUT) elevator at…

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The Apollo 11 crew, led by Mission Commander Neil Armstrong's (1930-2012), Command Module Pilot Michael Collins (1930-), and Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin (1930-), exiting the Manned Spacecraft Operations Building (MSOB) to board the transfer van to…

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Launch Complex 39's Launch Control Center at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida, during the Apollo 11 launch. Apollo 11 was the first space mission where humans set foot on another celestial body, the Moon. Launched from…

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A test of Apollo 11, with its crew and support workers, in the days leading up to launch. Photographed in the White Room on Launch Pad 39A from left to right are an unidentified support worker, Command Module Pilot Michael Collins (1930-), Lunar…

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The media during the launch of Apollo 11, which was the first space mission where humans set foot on another celestial body, the Moon. Launched from Launch Pad 39A at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida, on July 16, 1969,…

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The launch of Apollo 11, which was the first space mission where humans set foot on another celestial body, the Moon. Launched from Launch Pad 39A at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida, on July 16, 1969, the Apollo 11 fired…

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The rehearsal for Apollo 12's launch in Firing Room 2 at the Launch Control Center of Launch Complex 39 at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. Apollo 12 was the second mission which landed men on the moon and the first to…

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The crew of Apollo 17, Lunar Module Pilot Harrison Schmitt (1935-), Command Module Pilot Ronald Evans (1933-1990), and Mission Commander Eugene Cernan (1934-), with a lunar rover at Launch Complex 39A (LC-39A). with the Saturn V booster and Apollo…

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Mission Commander Pete Conrad (1930-1999) and Lunar Module Pilot Alan Bean (1932-) training to use tools during their Moon landing at the Flight Crew Training Facility of John F. Kennedy Space Center in Merritt Island, Florida. Apollo 12 was the…

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The sky appears dark because of the brightness of the rocket plume at liftoff, so the photograph was shot with a very small aperture. Apollo 12 was the second mission which landed men on the moon and the first to bring a color television camera to…

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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) rolls Apollo 12 from the Vehicle Assembly Building to Launch Complex 39A (LC-39A) on one of the massive crawler-transporters at John F. Kennedy Space Center in Merritt Island, Florida. Apollo…

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Apollo 13 Mission Commander Jim Lovell (1928-) during spacesuit testing at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. Apollo 13 was crewed by Lovell, Lunar Module Pilot Fred Haise (1933-), and Command Module Pilot Jack Swigert…

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With the Launch Umbilical Tower (LUT) in the foreground, the Saturn V of Apollo 13 being fueled at Launch Pad 39A of John F. Kennedy Space Center in Merritt Island, Florida. Apollo 13 was crewed by Mission Commander Jim Lovell (1928-), Lunar Module…

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With the Launch Umbilical Tower (LUT) in the foreground, the Saturn V of Apollo 13 sitting on Launch Pad 39A of John F. Kennedy Space Center in Merritt Island, Florida. Apollo 13 was crewed by Mission Commander Jim Lovell (1928-), Lunar Module Pilot…

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The Apollo 14 crew (L-R Roosa, Shepard and Mitchell) suited up and walking to the astronaut transfer van at the Manned Spacecraft Operations Building (MSOB) at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida, on launch day. Apollo 14…

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A crowd estimated at 20,000 people parked along Kennedy Parkway North at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida, to observe the Apollo 15 launch on July 26, 1971. Apollo 15 was the first of three extended capabilities missions,…

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A contingent of over two thousand accredited media personnel were present at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida, to observe the launch of Apollo 15 on July 26, 1971. Apollo 15 was the first of three extended capabilities…

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Apollo 15's Lunar Rover undergoing compatibility and fit checks with the Lunar Module (LM). Apollo 15 was the first of three extended capabilities missions, which allowed astronauts greater mobility with the Lunar Rover and additional equipment. The…

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The crew of Apollo 15 testing the spacecraft in the period leading up to the launch from John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. Apollo 15 was the first of three extended capabilities missions, which allowed astronauts greater…

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The crowds of spectators observing the launch of Apollo 15 near the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB). Apollo 15 was the first of three extended capabilities missions, which allowed astronauts greater mobility with the Lunar Rover and additional…

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The Apollo 17 crew, consisting of Lunar Module Pilot Harrison Schmitt (1935-), Command Module Pilot Ronald Evans (1933-1990), and Mission Commander Eugene Cernan (1934-), exiting the Manned Spacecraft Operations Building (MSOB) (MSOB) at John F.…

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The crew of Apollo 17, Lunar Module Pilot Harrison Schmitt (1935-), Command Module Pilot Ronald Evans (1933-1990), and Mission Commander Eugene Cernan (1934-), with a lunar rover at Launch Complex 39A (LC-39A). with the Saturn V booster and Apollo…

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Apollo 17 Mission Commander Eugene Cernan (1934-) with his wife, Barbara Cernan, and his daughter, Teresa Cernan, after a lunar landing training session at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. On December 7, 1972, Apollo 17…

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The massive Saturn V launch vehicle at Launch Complex 39A of John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. On December 7, 1972, Apollo 17 became the first night launch of an American human spaceflight and was also the last manned…

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Apollo 17 astronauts in front of a Saturn V launch vehicle being moved by crawler-transporter from the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) to Launch Complex 39A at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. Photographed from left to…

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The Apollo 7 crew and support team having breakfast at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida, before liftoff on October 11, 1968. Apollo 7 was an Earth orbital mission, which tested the improved Block 2 Command/Service Module…

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The liftoff of Skylab 4 (SL-4) from Launch Pad 39B of John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. As Project Apollo was winding down and the final three missions (Apollo 18, Apollo 19, and Apollo 20) were canceled, the National…

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Skylab 4 (SL-4) Command Module Pilot William R. Pogue (1930-2014) in front of a transfer van at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. As Project Apollo was winding down and the final three missions (Apollo 18, Apollo 19, and…

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Apollo 8 (AS-503) astronaut Frank Borman (1928-) entering the capsule during a simulated altitude chamber test at the Manned Spacecraft Operations Building (MSOB) (MSOB) at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. Apollo 8 was…

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Apollo 8 (AS-503) astronaut Jim Lovell (1928-) during a suit test at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. Apollo 8 was the first manned launch of a Saturn V booster and mission to leave Earth orbit. It launched on December…

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Apollo 8 (AS-503) astronaut William Anders (1933-) during a suit test at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. Anders was scheduled to be the Lunar Module Pilot, but because of production delays, the Lunar Module (LM) was not…

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Apollo 8 (AS-503) astronaut Frank Borman (1928-) jogging at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. Borman would command the mission launched three days after this photograph was taken. Apollo 8 was the first manned launch of a…

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Apollo 8 (AS-503) Commander Frank Borman (1928-) during a suit test at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. Apollo 8 was the first manned launch of a Saturn V booster and mission to leave Earth orbit. It launched on December…

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The Apollo Command/Service Module (CSM) launching from Saturn IB for the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP). On the final Apollo flight, a Saturn IB lifted the spacecraft aloft from Launch Complex 39B (LC-39B) at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in…

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Apollo 8 (AS-503) on Launch Pad 39A of John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. Apollo 8 was the first manned launch of a Saturn V booster and mission to leave Earth orbit. It launched on December 21, 1968, with Commander Frank…

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A Saturn IB on the launch adapter of the mobile launcher at Launch Complex 39 (LC-39) of John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. This was one of the last Saturn IB boosters to launch from KSC as it was either a Skylab mission…

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A Saturn V booster next to the service tower at John F. Kennedy Space Center's Launch Complex 39A in Merritt Island, Florida. The Saturn V was the most powerful launch vehicle ever used, with 7.7 million pounds of thrust. The rocket was used by the…

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An Apollo-Saturn V booster next to the service tower at John F. Kennedy Space Center's Launch Complex 39A in Merritt Island, Florida. The Saturn V was the most powerful launch vehicle ever used, with 7.7 million pounds of thrust. The rocket was used…

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The famous and ill-fated Apollo 13 spacecraft at Launch Complex 39A (LC-39A) of John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. The mission was crewed by Mission Commander Jim Lovell (1928-), Lunar Module Pilot Fred Haise (1933-), and…

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The Apollo-Saturn IB Launch Vehicle of Skylab 3 (SL-3) at Launch Pad 39B of John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. As Project Apollo was winding down and the final three missions (Apollo 18, Apollo 19, and Apollo 20) were…

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The liftoff of Skylab 4 (SL-4) from Launch Pad 39B of John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. As Project Apollo was winding down and the final three missions (Apollo 18, Apollo 19, and Apollo 20) were canceled, the National…

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The crawler-transporter-transporter moving a Saturn V to the launch pad at John F. Kennedy Space Center's Launch Complex 39 (LC-39). The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) had previously assembled launch vehicles at the pad,…

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The Skylab 4 (SL-4) Saturn IB launch vehicle at Launch Pad 39B of John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. As Project Apollo was winding down and the final three missions (Apollo 18, Apollo 19, and Apollo 20) were canceled, the…

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Skylab 4 (SL-4) Command Module Pilot William R. Pogue (1930-2014) in front of a transfer van at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. As Project Apollo was winding down and the final three missions (Apollo 18, Apollo 19, and…

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Skylab 4 (SL-4) Mission Commander Gerald P. Carr (1932-) in front of a transfer van at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. As Project Apollo was winding down and the final three missions (Apollo 18, Apollo 19, and Apollo…

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Skylab 4 (SL-4) Science Pilot Edward Gibson (1936-) in front of a transfer van at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. As Project Apollo was winding down and the final three missions (Apollo 18, Apollo 19, and Apollo 20)…

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An inspection of Skylab 4's Saturn IB launch vehicle at Launch Pad 39B of John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. As Project Apollo was winding down and the final three missions (Apollo 18, Apollo 19, and Apollo 20) were…

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Technicians working under what is presumed to be a Command Module or a Service Module to prepare it for mating during Project Apollo at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. The Apollo program was the third U.S. manned…

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The Skylab 4 (SL-4) crew at a press conference at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. Photographed from left to right are Command Module Pilot William R. Pogue (1930-2014), Mission Commander Gerald P. Carr (1932-), and…

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Skylab 3 (SL-3 preparing for launch on Launch Pad 39B of John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. As Project Apollo was winding down and the final three missions (Apollo 18, Apollo 19, and Apollo 20) were canceled, the National…

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Lunar Module (LM) 1 (LM-1) was the first flight-ready version. It was test launched aboard a Saturn IB booster designated AS-204 with the mission known as Apollo 5. Apollo 5 was an unmanned test mission, which used the booster that was supposed to be…

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An Apollo verification vehicle being moved from the Manned Spacecraft Operations Building (MSOB) (MSOB) at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) industrial Area to Launch Pad 34 in Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS). Verification vehicles are…

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The Skylab 3 (SL-3) crew training at John F. Kennedy Space Center's Manned Spacecraft Operations Building (MSOB) (MSOB) in Merritt Island, Florida. Photographed from left to right are Science Pilot Owen K. Garriott (1930-) (1930-), Commander Alan…

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This photograph is described by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) as "[v]iew after ejection of Umbilical Plug." This took place in Hangar AF at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida.

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The Skylab 2 Launch at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. As Project Apollo was winding down and the final three missions (Apollo 18, Apollo 19, and Apollo 20) were canceled, the National Aeronautics and Space…

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The Skylab 2 crew in front of the Saturn IB launch vehicle at Launch Pad 39B of John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. As Project Apollo was winding down and the final three missions (Apollo 18, Apollo 19, and Apollo 20) were…

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The Skylab 2 crew in front of the Saturn V launch vehicle, which carried Skylab 1 into orbit, at Launch Pad 39A of John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. As Project Apollo was winding down and the final three missions (Apollo…

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The Skylab 2 crew, including Science Pilot Joseph P. Kerwin (1932-), at John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Merritt Island, Florida. As Project Apollo was winding down and the final three missions (Apollo 18, Apollo 19, and Apollo 20) were…