Browse Items (73 total)

  • Tags: student

MN00038.pdf
The Maitland News was a local newspaper originally published by the Maitland Realty Company (and later by the Maitland News Company) which began circulation in April 1926. This edition features articles on topics such as an attempted robbery at the…

Tags: ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

HH00506.jpg
The varsity letters originally owned by the basketball team captain at Oviedo High School in 1944. Oviedo High School is a Seminole County Public School located in Oviedo, Florida. Originally called the Oviedo School, the institution was first…

HH00505.pdf
The Oviedian, a yearbook for the 1942-1943 school year at Oviedo High School. Oviedo High School is a Seminole County Public School located in Oviedo, Florida. Originally called the Oviedo School, the institution was first established in 1932 as a…

Tags: ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

HH00504.pdf
The Oviedian, a yearbook for the 1943-1944 school year at Oviedo High School. Oviedo High School is a Seminole County Public School located in Oviedo, Florida. Originally called the Oviedo School, the institution was first established in 1932 as a…

Tags: ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

HH00527.jpg
First Place 4-H Tropicana Speech Competition Medal won by Sarah Thorncroft of Indian Trail Middle School, located at 415 Tuskawilla Road in Winter Springs, Florida, in 2002. The contest has been sponsored by Florida 4-H, a youth organization focusing…

HH00526.jpg
First Place 4-H Tropicana Speech Competition Classroom Award won by Sarah Thorncroft of Indian Trail Middle School, located at 415 Tuskawilla Road in Winter Springs, Florida, in 2002. The contest has been sponsored by Florida 4-H, a youth…

HH00515.pdf
A ticket for Oviedo High School's "An Enchanted Escape" event, held on November 3, 2007. Oviedo High School is a Seminole County Public School located in Oviedo, Florida. Originally called the Oviedo School, the institution was first established in…

HH00513.pdf
A ticket for Oviedo High School's prom for the Class of 2009, held at the Walt Disney World Swan and Dolphin, located at 1500 Epcot Resorts Boulevard in Orlando, Florida, on April 25, 2009. Oviedo High School is a Seminole County Public School…

Episode 45 of A History of Central Florida podcasts: Diploma Plate. RICHES Podcast Documentaries are short form narrative documentaries that explore Central Florida history and are locally produced. These podcasts can involve the participation or…

Tags: ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

PHC00058T.pdf
Oral history interview of Helen Michels, who was born in Palm Bay, Florida, on May 4, 1936. Michels, her parents, and her thirteen siblings migrated to Sanford in 1942. She attended Sanford Grammar School, located at 301 West Seventh Street, and…

Tags: ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

HH00492.jpg
A newspaper article published by The Lion's Tale, Oviedo High School's student newspaper, in February of 1984. This article reports on the new RAISE initiative, which established new requirements for Florida student athletes and how these…

HH00491.jpg
A newspaper article published by The Lion's Tale, Oviedo High School's student newspaper, in February of 1984. This article is about OHS senior Ed Norton, who was chosen as the recipient of the La Sertoma Club award. The La Sertoma Club is an…

HH00490.jpg
A newspaper article published by The Lion's Tale, Oviedo High School's student newspaper, in February of 1984. This article is about OHS honor student Belinda Bakalla, who was designated a Tusculum Scholar. Tusculum College in Greenville, Tennessee,…

HH00489.jpg
A newspaper article published by The Lion's Tale, Oviedo High School's student newspaper, in February of 1984. This article discusses the Secondary Level Examination Program (SLEP), which grants high school credits to students that successfully…

HH00488.jpg
A newspaper article published by The Lion's Tale, Oviedo High School's student newspaper, in February of 1984. This article discusses the schedule changes affecting certain English teachers and their students in order to maintain funding from the…

HH00098.pdf
In 2001, former students of the African-American schools planned a class reunion for alumni who attended the schools between 1953 and 1967. The schools included were Oviedo Colored School (later called Oviedo Elementary School), Jackson Heights…

Tags: ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

HH00475.jpg
Oviedo High School Best Supporting Actor Golden Bananas Award, 2008. It was awarded to Dane Kolb for his performance as The Wizard in the Oviedo High School Theatre Department's production of the musical comedy, Once Upon a Mattress.Oviedo High…

APM00001.mp3
Oral history of Hal McIntosh, conducted by Erin Parke on March 16, 2015. McIntosh is a nationally renowned artist who currently resides in Winter Park, Florida. Born in 1927, Hal McIntosh began his formal studies at the Detroit Art Institute in…

Tags: ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

MMBF00006.jpg
A portrait of Wilhelmina White Colston, which is housed at the Mary McLeod Bethune Foundation, located at 640 Dr. Mary McLeod Bethune Boulevard in Daytona Beach, Florida. She was a student and later teacher at Bethune-Cookman College (BCC). In 1935,…

3309.mp3
Daphne F. Humphrey was born in Sarasota, Florida, but migrated to Sanford at age 5. In this oral history, she first describes Georgetown, an historic African-American community in Sanford. She then talks of her mother, Marie Jones Francis, the…

PHC00052.jpg
Five female students at Sanford High School's second campus, located at the corner of East Ninth Street and South Palmetto Avenue in Sanford, Florida, in 1911. The students photographed, from left to right, are: Ruth Mettinger, Gladys Gardner, Carrie…

PHC00051.jpg
Sanford High School's Class of 1915 on the front steps of the second campus used for the school, located at the corner of East Ninth Street and South Palmetto Avenue in Sanford, Florida. Sanford High School was originally established at 301 West…

PHC00049.jpg
Sanford High School's Freshmen Class of 1920 on the front steps of the second campus used for the school, located at the corner of East Ninth Street and South Palmetto Avenue in Sanford, Florida. The arrow drawn on the photograph points to a student…

PHC00048.jpg
Sanford High School's Class of 1924 at the second campus used for the school, located at the corner of East Ninth Street and South Palmetto Avenue in Sanford, Florida. Sanford High School was originally established at 301 West Seventh Street in…

PHC00047.jpg
Sanford High School's Class of 1925 with their teacher, Mrs. Glenn E. McKay, on the front steps of the second campus used for the school, located at the corner of East Ninth Street and South Palmetto Avenue in Sanford, Florida.Sanford High School was…

PHC00046.jpg
A classroom at Sanford High School's second campusl, located at the corner of East Ninth Street and South Palmetto Avenue in Sanford, Florida. Although the image is undated, it was likely taken sometime between 1911 and 1927. The backside of the…

HH00050.jpg
A handwritten note listed the graduates of the Sanford High School Class of 1913 that attended the 50 Year Class Reunion held in June 1963. The graduates included: Albert Pattishall, lawyer and judge; Lenney Dean, minister; Wallace Crosby, engineer;…

SC00751.jpg
Letter from Hazel Skjersaa, the Maternity Nursing Coordinator at Valencia Community College, to Marie Jones Francis, a midwife in Sanford, Florida. In the letter, Skjersaa thanks Francis for a series of lectures she gave students in her home during…

PHC00044.jpg
The first four graduates of Sanford High School at their graduation ceremony in 1907. The graduates are pictured wearing white graduation dresses while holding their diplomas. Photographed from left to right is: Alberta Hill Howard, Peacha Leffler…

PHC00033.jpg
Lyman High School's Girls Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps (JROTC) during inspection led by Katherine Mendelson in 1998. The Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps (JROTC) is a high school-level education program sponsored by the United…

PHC00034.jpg
Lyman High School Class of 1991 graduation ceremony. Lyman High School is a Seminole County Public School located in Longwood, Florida. In 1923, a board of trustees agreed to construct a new school to accommodate the growing population in the…

PHC00032.jpg
Lyman High School alumna Patricia Simpson. After graduating from Lyman, Simpson began working in a parachute factory in Casselberry, Florida. Shortly afterward, she joined Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES), completing a training…

PHC00035.jpg
Lyman High School student at the chalkboard during a TEC Club meeting during the 1965-1966 school year. Lyman High School is a Seminole County Public School located in Longwood, Florida. In 1923, a board of trustees agreed to construct a new school…

PHC00041.jpg
Seminole High School Senior Diamond Ball Champions in 1938. Photographed from left to right is Edna Stich, Ellen Betts, Louise Hardin, Donna Morgan, Doris Lake, Eloise Lowe, Anna Greer, Guerite McKenny, and Eda Stich.

Originally located at 301…

PHC00039.jpg
The second campus for Seminole High School, sometime after 1927. Although the caption on the photograph calls the campus Sanford High School, this particular campus was only named Seminole High School (1927-1961), Sanford Junior High School…

PHC00036.jpg
Oviedo High School freshmen, Leslie Reubusch and Jennifer Pitt, demonstrating 1980s fashion in front of lockers during the 1985-1986 school year. Oviedo High School is a Seminole County Public School located in Oviedo, Florida. Originally called the…

PHC00037.jpg
Oviedo High School senior, Mike Pinard, dressing for graduation in 1986. Oviedo High School is a Seminole County Public School located in Oviedo, Florida. Originally called the Oviedo School, the institution was first established in 1932 as a K-12…

PHC00038.jpg
Oviedo High School powderpuff cheerleaders during the 1985-1986 school year. The male cheerleading squad consisted of Shawn Hartsfield, Bill McLoughlin, Chris Cammack, Pat Westerfield, Brent Bradley, Cliff McCloe, Mike Willette, Eric Flynn, Darrell…

PHC00040.pdf
Seminole High School yearbook dedication to the school's alumni that were serving in the United States military during World War II. The spread shows photographs of the following alumni servicemen: Ashby Jones, Mike Saus, J.W. Hicks, Lewis Wright,…

PHC00013.jpg
Lyman High School's Girls Basketball Team in 1975. Lyman High School is a Seminole County Public School located in Longwood, Florida. In 1923, a board of trustees agreed to construct a new school to accommodate the growing population in the Longwood…

PHC00012.jpg
Lyman High School cadet, Kyle Monroe, accepted a trophy for his school's Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps (JROTC) Color Guard at the Army State Drill Meet held at George W. Jenkins High School, located at 6000 Lakeland Highlands Road in…

PHC00024.jpg
Seminole High School baseball player Carter making a catch in during the 1956-1957. Originally located at 301 West Seventh Street in Sanford, Florida, Seminole High School was first established as Sanford High School in 1902. The building was…

PHC00028.jpeg
Seminole High School's Strutting Majorettes during the 1956-1957 school year. Photographed from left to right: C. Nutt, P. Harrington, J. Jennings, E. Kratzert, B. Crutchfield, M. Hobby, J. Herron, B. Selvidge, A. Davis, N. Richards, L. Smith, and D.…

PHC00030.jpg
Seminole High School students in a school variety show performed during the 1953-1954 school year. Originally located at 301 West Seventh Street in Sanford, Florida, Seminole High School was first established as Sanford High School in 1902. The…

PHC00026.jpeg
Seminole High School cheerleading squad during the 1951-1952 school year. Photographed from top to bottom and from left to right is: L. Leonard, G. Kirchhoff, J. Wilson; G. Bitting, C. McInnis, A. Whitaker, N. F. Harvey, and S. Hayes. Originally…

PHC00025.jpg
Seminole High School basketball team during the 1950-1951 school year. Originally located at 301 West Seventh Street in Sanford, Florida, Seminole High School was first established as Sanford High School in 1902. The building was designed by W. G.…

PHC00029.jpg
Seminole High School students in front of a school bus during the 1950-1951 school year. Photographed from left to right is: first row - E. Baker, Miss Chittenden, M. Smith, S. Browning, M. Ridlon, P. Bronson, B. Hamp, M. Roberts, L. Norman, C.…

PHC00016.jpg
Oviedo High School football running back Bobo Lowman during the 1985-1986 school year. Oviedo High School is a Seminole County Public School located in Oviedo, Florida. Originally called the Oviedo School, the institution was first established in…

PHC00018.jpeg
Oviedo High School students, Mark MacDonald and Sandy Potts, portraying junior role models, Bob and Doug MacKenzie, during a holiday assembly in 1986. Oviedo High School is a Seminole County Public School located in Oviedo, Florida. Originally called…

PHC00020.jpg
Oviedo High School Lions varsity football quarterback John Morrow, a high school junior, running a play during the 1985-1986 school year. Oviedo High School is a Seminole County Public School located in Oviedo, Florida. Originally called the Oviedo…

PHC00017.jpg
Oviedo High School students Erin O'Leary and Sam Wilson with the Junior Class Lion during the 1985-1986 school year. Oviedo High School is a Seminole County Public School located in Oviedo, Florida. Originally called the Oviedo School, the…

PHC00019.jpg
Oviedo High School senior Keri Burns preparing for graduation in 1986. Oviedo High School is a Seminole County Public School located in Oviedo, Florida. Originally called the Oviedo School, the institution was first established in 1932 as a K-12…

PHC00031.jpg
University of Central Florida (UCF) college representative speaking to Oviedo High School seniors during the 1985-1986 school year. The students photographed are Danielle Draper, Sherrie Coleman, Eric Flynn, Lynne Weiss, Chris Cammack, Erik Vick,…

PHC00027.jpg
Seminole High School SALLY (Salmagundi) yearbook staff for the 1941-1942 school year. Originally located at 301 West Seventh Street in Sanford, Florida, Seminole High School was first established as Sanford High School in 1902. The building was…

PHC00015.jpeg
Lyman High School students in the campus courtyard. Lyman High School is a Seminole County Public School located in Longwood, Florida. In 1923, a board of trustees agreed to construct a new school to accommodate the growing population in the Longwood…

PHC00014.jpeg
Lyman High School's Class of 1963 Homecoming Queen, Dana Hall, with her escort, Lonnie Friar. Lyman is a Seminole County Public School located in Longwood, Florida. In 1923, a board of trustees agreed to construct a new school to accommodate the…

PHC00009.jpg
Co-educational physical education class at Seminole High School in 1959. Originally located at 301 West Seventh Street in Sanford, Florida, Seminole High School was first established as Sanford High School in 1902. The building was designed by W. G.…

PHC00021.jpeg
Sanford High School boys basketball team during the 1925-1926 school year. During that year, the school only had an outdoor basketball court and had to cancel several games due to poor weather. Sanford only played two games in which they defeated…

PHC00011.jpeg
Crooms Academy Graduating Class of 1929 on the steps of the home of Professor Joseph National Crooms, located at 812 South Sanford Avenue in Sanford, Florida. The Crooms Academy of Information Technology is located at 2200 West Thirteenth Street and…

PHC00010.jpeg
Crooms Academy Graduating Class of 1927. Professor Joseph National Crooms, the school principal, can be seen in the center of the photograph. The Crooms Academy of Information Technology is located at 2200 West Thirteenth Street in the Goldsboro…

PHC00050.jpg
Sanford High School girls basketball team during the 1919-1920 school year. Sanford High School was originally established at 301 West Seventh Street in 1902. The building was designed by W. G. Talley in the Romanesque revival style. Due to an…

PHC00006.jpg
The Seminole High School swim team in 1958, the year that swimming was added to the school's athletic program. The student athletes photographed from left to right are: kneeling - T. Walker, W. Phillips, T. Brown, M. Knudsen, E. Vaughn, J. Clarke, J.…

PB020.jpg
Eight year-old Patricia Ann Black (1956- ) while attending Hopper Elementary School, located on South Bay Avenue in Georgetown in Sanford, Florida. Patricia Ann Black was the daughter of Pilgrim Black (1905-2002) and Lula Mae Haynes Black…

PB014.jpg
Lula Yvonne Black (1942-), the daughter of Pilgrim Black (1905-2002) and Lula Mae Haynes Black (1917-2007), who got married in 1937. Yvonne is also the sister of Vivian Louise Black (1940-); Charles Samuel Black (1945-), Pilgrim Black, Jr.…

PB013.jpg
Vivian Louise Black (1940- ), the daughter of Pilgrim Black (1905-2002) and Lula Mae Haynes Black (1917-2007), who got married in 1937. Vivian is also the oldest sister of Lula Yvonne Black (1942- ); Charles Samuel Black (1945- ); Pilgrim Black, Jr.…

New Podcast Preview of RICHES Podcast Documentaries: A History of Central Florida. RICHES Podcast Documentaries are short form narrative documentaries that explore Central Florida history and are locally produced. These podcasts can involve the…

Tags: ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;